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Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an important cause of death and disability worldwide. To date, there is not a definitive treatment that completely prevents brain injury after SAH. Recently, early brain injury (EBI) has been pointed out to be the primary cause of mortality in SAH patients. Apoptosis that occurs in neuronal tissues and cerebral vasculature(More)
Aim to investigate the changes of cerebral microcirculation after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and its association with cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after SAH. CTP was performed in 85 patients with SAH and 35 controls. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and mean transit time (MTT) were recorded for final analysis. CTP parameters were(More)
Minocycline has been shown to be neuroprotective in cerebral ischemia and in other models of brain injury. Our goal is to observe the protection of minocycline on EBI after SAH and the mechanism. 48 adult male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: the sham-operated group, SAH group, vehicle group (SAH+normal sodium), and minocycline group(More)
Recent studies have indicated that early brain injury may be responsible for the detrimental effects seen in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In this study, we investigated the relationship between apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) polymorphism and the change of brain function in the early stage of aneurysmal SAH. A total of 79 patients admitted(More)
Cerebral vasospasm (CV) is the main complication of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), affecting clinical outcome of patients with SAH. Accumulating evidence indicates that apolipoprotein E (apoE protein, APOE gene) gene polymorphism is associated with prognosis of patients with SAH. The current study aimed to investigate the association of promoter(More)
This study investigated the role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Sprague-Dawley male rats (n=30) between 250 and 300 g were used. SAH was produced by injecting autologous arterial blood into the prechiasmatic cistern. SB-3CT, a selective MMP-9 inhibitor, was injected intraperitoneally(More)
Cerebral vasospasm (CVS) is the main complication of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), severely affecting clinical outcome of patients with SAH. Apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is associated with prognosis of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and APOEε4 allele is reported to be apt to CVS after SAH. The current study aimed to investigate the(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) strikes individuals with devastating neurological results. Traditional viewpoints do not explain all the differences that are usually found in clinical practice. The role of genetic predisposition in SAH has recently been investigated. Particular attention has been paid to the apolipoprotein E (apoE) genotype. APOE genotype is(More)
Follow-up is necessary for treated and untreated aneurysms. The purpose of this study is to assess the results of treated aneurysms, the development of untreated aneurysms and the incidence of new aneurysms through short-term follow-up with noninvasive imaging, including CTA and MRA. More-than-once follow-up imaging with either CTA or MRA was performed in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Since tozasertib is neuroprotective for injured optic nerve, this study is intended to test whether tozasertib reduces early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a rat model. METHODS Two hundred sixteen (216) male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly subjected to endovascular perforation model of SAH and sham group. SAH(More)