Xiao-chen Zhao

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To support pharmacokinetic studies of ginsenosides, a novel method to quantitatively analyze ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), its prosapogenin ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) and aglycone 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (ppd) in rat plasma was developed and validated. The method was based on gradient separation of ginsenosides present in rat plasma using high performance liquid(More)
Diabetes is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease, but the mechanisms, structural and biomechanical consequences of aberrant blood vessel remodelling remain poorly defined. Using an experimental (streptozotocin, STZ) rat model of diabetes, we hypothesized that diabetes enhances extracellular protease activity in the aorta and induces(More)
Previously, VpPR-10.1 was isolated and characterized from a cDNA library of a fungus-resistant accession of Chinese wild grape (Vitis pseudoreticulata). We found that expression of VpPR-10.1 is affected by the fungal pathogen Erysiphe necator. To investigate the biochemical basis of the nuclease activity of VpPR-10.1 and its role in antifungal resistance,(More)
The mechanism of action of berberine as an antihyperglycaemic agent was investigated in the Caco-2 cell line. Berberine was found to effectively inhibit the activity of disaccharidases in Caco-2 cells. It also decreased sucrase activity after preincubation with Caco-2 cells for 72 hours. However gluconeogenesis and glucose consumption of Caco-2 cells were(More)
AIM To study the absorption characteristics of berberine and its influence on glucose absorption. METHODS Rat recirculating perfusion model was used to study berberine absorption characteristics and Caco-2 cell model was used to explore the influence of berberine on disaccharidase, using HPLC to assay the appearance of glucose to indicate enzyme(More)
AIM To determine the regulatory effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on dipeptide transport (PepT1) in normal and severe scald rats. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats with 30% total body surface area (TBSA) III degree scald were employed as the model. In this study rhGH was used at the dose of 2 IU/kg(-1)d(-1). An everted sleeve of intestine(More)
AIM To determine the regulation effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on dipeptide transporter(PepT1) in Caco-2 cells with normal culture and anoxia/reoxygenation injury. METHODS A human intestinal cell monolayer (Caco-2) was used as the in vitro model of human small intestine and cephalexin as the model substrate for dipeptide transporter(More)
AIM To investigate the expression of human erythropoietin (hEpo) in 293 cell line using adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector, and provide information for its potential application in human gene therapy. METHODS The human Epo cDNA was inserted into the AAV cassettes, and recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV-EPO) vectors were generated by cotransfection(More)
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