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Many retinal ganglion cells are coupled via gap junctions with neighboring amacrine cells and ganglion cells. We investigated the extent and dynamics of coupling in one such network, the OFF alpha ganglion cell of rabbit retina and its associated amacrine cells. We also observed the relative spread of Neurobiotin injected into a ganglion cell in the(More)
Adaptation to hypoxia is mediated through a coordinated transcriptional response driven largely by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). We used ChIP-chip and gene expression profiling to identify direct targets of HIF-1 transactivation on a genome-wide scale. Several hundred direct HIF-1 targets were identified and, as expected, were highly enriched for(More)
This study investigated whether brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulates the L-glutamate/L-aspartate transporter (GLAST) and glutamine synthetase (GS) in mouse retinal Müller cells (RMCs) under normal and hypoxic conditions. Mouse RMCs were treated with recombinant human BDNF (50, 75, 100, 125, or 150  ng/ml) for 24  h or underwent hypoxia induced(More)
Gap junctions are commonplace in retina, often between cells of the same morphological type, but sometimes linking different cell types. The strength of coupling between cells derives from the properties of the connexins, but also is regulated by the intracellular environment of each cell. We measured the relative coupling of two different gap junctions(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) plays a key role in cellular adaptation to hypoxia. To better understand the determinants of HIF-1 binding and transactivation, we used ChIP-chip and gene expression profiling to define the relationship between the epigenetic landscape, sites of HIF-1 binding, and genes transactivated by hypoxia in two cell(More)
Retinal Müller cells exhibit the characteristics of retinal progenitor cells, and differentiate into ganglion cells under certain conditions. However, the number of ganglion cells differentiated from retinal Müller cells falls far short of therapeutic needs. This study aimed to develop a novel protocol to promote the differentiation of retinal Müller cells(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether vector-based vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF)(165) targeted siRNA expression system (pSilencer(siVEGF)) could inhibit VEGF(165) expression in vitro and suppresses retinal neovascularization in the murine model of oxygen-induced retinopathy. METHODS pSilencer(siVEGF), from which siRNA targeting VEGF(165) could be(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of inherited diseases that primarily affect light‑sensitive rods and cones in the retina. Rhodopsin mutations, including the T17M mutation, are associated with the autosomal dominant form of retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP) and have been linked to abnormal protein folding. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying T17M(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effects of genetic polymorphisms in cytochrome P450, subfamily 1, polypeptide 1 (C1P1B1) on primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS A systematic literature search was performed, and random-effects meta-analyses were used to evaluate genetic polymorphisms in CYP1B1 with POAG. A gene-based analysis was conducted to investigate the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the difference in color pattern reversal visual evoked potential (CPR-VEP)between primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) patients. METHODS Vision Monitor visual electrophysiograph made by Metro Vision Inc. in France was used to record CPR-VEP in 17 eyes of 12 POAG patients, 56 eyes of 41 PACG(More)