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Ability of Platygaster demades (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) to Parasitize Both Eggs and Larvae Makes it an Effective Natural Enemy of Dasineura mali (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
TLDR
The consistent superparasitism rate and progeny sex ratio regardless of host stage at parasitization detected in the present study may be attributed to the fact that P. demades eggs do not hatch until the host larvae reach the third instar and thus all parasitoid larvae feed on the third-instar larvae with similar quantity and quality of nutrition.