Xiao-Yuan Dong

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Over the last several decades, gender issues have attained increased prominence in the debates over development policy. There is a growing body of evidence and experience linking gender awareness in policy and projects to equitable, efficient, and sustainable outcomes in development. However, these links are still not widely understood nor have these(More)
Louis—Soft budget constraints, social burdens, and labor redundancy in China's state industry The soft budget constraint hypothesis of Kornai (1980) offers an attractive explanation of over-manning in public enterprises. Sometimes overlooked in the literature is the fact that governments, especially in transition economies, often use state-owned enterprises(More)
We sought to evaluate in this study the significance of cytokeratin (CK)-19 and CK-20 in determining the peritoneal micrometastasis of gastric carcinoma and also determine the factors related with the occurrence of peritoneal micrometastasis. For this purpose, 152 patients with gastric cancer were enrolled in the study and transverse mesocolon biopsies were(More)
The recent decade has witnessed dramatic labor adjustments in China's state sector, as Chinese leaders have begun to directly address the problem of labor redundancy to reverse the money-losing situation of state-owned enterprises (SOEs). While industrial restructuring is an inevitable feature of market transition, such reforms have resulted in an(More)
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Acknowledgement: This work was carried out with the aid of a grant (PMMA-10348) awarded through the Gender Challenge Fund of the Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP) Research Network (www.pep-net.org). This Fund is a joint venture of the Gender Network (Phase III) and the PEP Network, both financed by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The(More)
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