Xiao-Ying Yu

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Molecular mapping of live biofilms at submicrometer resolution presents a grand challenge. Here, we present the first chemical mapping results of biofilm extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) in biofilms using correlative imaging between super resolution fluorescence microscopy and liquid time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS).(More)
We report a newly developed self-contained interface for high-vapor pressure liquid surfaces to vacuum-based analytical instruments. It requires no wires or tubing connections to the outside of the instrument and uses a microfluidic channel with a 3 μm diameter window into the flowing fluid beneath it. This window supports the liquid against the vacuum by(More)
A vacuum compatible microfluidic reactor, SALVI (System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface), was employed for in situ chemical imaging of live biofilms using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Depth profiling by sputtering materials in sequential layers resulted in live biofilm spatial chemical mapping. Two-dimensional (2D)(More)
Chemical imaging of single cells at the molecular level is important in capturing biological dynamics. Single cell correlative imaging is realized between super-resolution microscopy, namely, structured illumination microscopy (SIM), and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) using a multimodal microreactor (i.e., System for Analysis at(More)
Aqueous surfaces after photochemical and dark reactions of glyoxal and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have been studied using a microfluidic reactor coupled with an in situ liquid time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) for the first time. Spectral principal component analysis was used to determine similarities and differences among various(More)
A portable vacuum interface allowing direct probing of the electrode-electrolyte interface was developed. A classical electrochemical system consisting of a gold working electrode, platinum counter electrode, platinum reference electrode, and potassium iodide electrolyte was used to demonstrate real-time observation of the gold iodide adlayer on the(More)
In situ liquid secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) enabled by system for analysis at the liquid vacuum interface (SALVI) has proven to be a promising new tool to provide molecular information at solid-liquid and liquid-vacuum interfaces. However, the initial data showed that useful signals in positive ion spectra are too weak to be meaningful in most(More)
A novel microfluidic reactor for biofilm growth and in situ characterization using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) was constructed to enable two-dimensional chemical imaging of hydrated biofilms. We demonstrate the detection of characteristic fatty acid fragments from microfluidic reactor-grown biofilms and illustrate advantages of(More)
The in situ molecular characterization of reaction intermediates and products at electrode-electrolyte interfaces is central to mechanistic studies of complex electrochemical processes, yet a great challenge. The coupling of electrochemistry (EC) and mass spectrometry (MS) has seen rapid development and found broad applicability in tackling challenges in(More)
Bacteria-phyllosilicate complexes are commonly found in natural environments and are capable of immobilizing trace metals. However, the molecular binding mechanisms of heavy metals to these complex aggregates still remain poorly understood. This study investigated Cd adsorption on Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis, Gram-negative Pseudomonas putida and their(More)