Learn More
Since the initial description of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells created by forced expression of four transcription factors in mouse fibroblasts, the technique has been used to generate embryonic stem (ES)-cell-like pluripotent cells from a variety of cell types in other species, including primates and rat. It has become a popular means to reprogram(More)
Haploids and double haploids are important resources for studying recessive traits and have large impacts on crop breeding, but natural haploids are rare in animals. Mammalian haploids are restricted to germline cells and are occasionally found in tumours with massive chromosome loss. Recent success in establishing haploid embryonic stem (ES) cells in(More)
Multipotent neural stem/progenitor cells hold great promise for cell therapy. The reprogramming of fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells as well as mature neurons suggests a possibility to convert a terminally differentiated somatic cell into a multipotent state without first establishing pluripotency. Here, we demonstrate that Sertoli cells derived(More)
Lee et al. proposed two methods to speed up the computation of scalar multiplication of elliptic curve defined over GF (2 mn) with a medium size of m in the range 10 ≤ m ≤ 20. In these methods, Frobenius map is utilized to expand the integer k and each coefficient of the expansion is represented as a binary string. In this paper , with the application of(More)
The rat is an important animal model in biomedical research, but practical limitations to genetic manipulation have restricted the application of genetic analysis. Here we report the derivation of rat androgenetic haploid embryonic stem cells (RahESCs) as a tool to facilitate such studies. Our approach is based on removal of the maternal pronucleus from(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are considered to be an attractive alternative to embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and may provide great potential for clinical applications in regenerative medicine. Although possessing characteristics similar to ESCs, the true pluripotency of these newly studied iPSCs was not known because none of the previously developed(More)
In vitro generation of functional gametes is a promising approach for treating infertility, although faithful replication of meiosis has proven to be a substantial obstacle to deriving haploid gamete cells in culture. Here we report complete in vitro meiosis from embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived primordial germ cells (PGCLCs). Co-culture of PGCLCs with(More)
The pluripotent state between human and mouse embryonic stem cells is different. Pluripotent state of human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is believed to be primed and is similar with that of mouse epiblast stem cells (EpiSCs), which is different from the naïve state of mouse ESCs. Human ESCs could be converted into a naïve state through exogenous expression(More)