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Lee et al. proposed two methods to speed up the computation of scalar multiplication of elliptic curve defined over GF (2 mn) with a medium size of m in the range 10 ≤ m ≤ 20. In these methods, Frobenius map is utilized to expand the integer k and each coefficient of the expansion is represented as a binary string. In this paper , with the application of(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that differentiated somatic cells from various mammalian species can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells by the ectopic expression of four transcription factors that are highly expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells. The generation of patient-specific iPS cells directly from somatic cells without using(More)
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