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 Powdery mildew caused by Blumeria graminis DC. f. sp. triticiÉm. Marchal is an important disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell). We report here the identification of three random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers closely linked to a gene for resistance to B. graminis in wheat. RAPD-PCR (polymerase chain reaction) analysis was conducted(More)
Septoria tritici blotch (STB), caused by the ascomycete Mycosphaerella graminicola (anamorph Septoria tritici), was the most destructive disease of wheat in Indiana and adjacent states before deployment of the resistance gene Stb1 during the early 1970s. Since then, Stb1 has provided durable protection against STB in widely grown wheat cultivars. However,(More)
Partial gene deletion is the major cause of mutation leading to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). Partial gene duplication has also been recognized in a few cases. We have conducted a survey for duplication in 72 unrelated nondeletion patients, analyzed by Southern blot hybridization with clones representing the entire(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common of the muscular dystrophies affecting one in 3,000 live male births. Both DMD and the mild form, Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), are X-linked. There are a number of females affected by the disease who all possess an X-autosome translocation, with the exchange point in the X always occurring within(More)
Seizures may exert pathophysiological effects on dendritic spines, but the molecular mechanisms mediating these effects are poorly understood. Actin represents a major structural protein of dendritic spines, and actin filaments (F-actin) can be depolymerized by the regulatory molecule, cofilin, leading to structural or functional changes in spines in(More)
Tandem duplication of large regions of DNA, including duplication of whole genes, provides a substrate for genetic evolution. Tandem duplication of smaller regions involving parts of genes is now recognized as a contributor to the mutation spectrum that results in genetic disease. In this review, more than 30 unrelated partial gene duplications that have(More)
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD) are progressive muscle wasting disorders with an X linked recessive mode of inheritance. We have surveyed 120 unrelated patients with DMD or BMD for gene duplications using a series of genomic probes from within the DMD/BMD gene locus. In three patients, two with DMD and one with BMD, a duplicated(More)
We have studied three families each containing a male with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. Southern blot analysis using both genomic and cDNA probes revealed that an exon-containing segment of DNA within the gene is duplicated in the probands, their mothers, and, in two cases, their sisters. The grandpaternal origin of the duplication has been(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal X-linked muscular disorder. The biochemical defect remains unknown, but the gene responsible has been mapped to band Xp21. The gene has now been cloned in two laboratories solely from knowledge of its map location. L. M. Kunkel and his colleagues isolated genomic sequences (PERT 87) from within a large deletion(More)