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Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common of the muscular dystrophies affecting one in 3,000 live male births. Both DMD and the mild form, Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), are X-linked. There are a number of females affected by the disease who all possess an X-autosome translocation, with the exchange point in the X always occurring within(More)
Seizures may exert pathophysiological effects on dendritic spines, but the molecular mechanisms mediating these effects are poorly understood. Actin represents a major structural protein of dendritic spines, and actin filaments (F-actin) can be depolymerized by the regulatory molecule, cofilin, leading to structural or functional changes in spines in(More)
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD) are progressive muscle wasting disorders with an X linked recessive mode of inheritance. We have surveyed 120 unrelated patients with DMD or BMD for gene duplications using a series of genomic probes from within the DMD/BMD gene locus. In three patients, two with DMD and one with BMD, a duplicated(More)
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