Xiao Y. Wu

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Pulsed near-infrared radiation has been proposed as an alternative stimulus for auditory nerve stimulation and could be potentially used in the design of cochlear implant. Although the infrared with high absorption coefficient of water (i.e., wavelength ranged from 1.8 to 2.2 μm) has been widely investigated, the lymph in the cochlea absorbs most of the(More)
To explore the penetration depth with short-wavelength infrared light, 980 nm pulse infrared light was used to stimulate the primary motor cortex of rat. The heating model was created to simulate the temperature distribution for 1875 nm and 980 nm infrared neural stimulation. Post-stimulus time histogram was used to observe the neural response induced by(More)
Although infrared laser was proven to be an alternative approach for neural stimulation, there is very little known about the neural response to infrared laser irradiation in visual cortex. This study is to investigate the effect of near-infrared laser irradiation on neural activities at the cortex level. A 850-nm pigtailed diode laser was applied to(More)
Infant crawling is part of normal human gross motor development, and a 4-beat gait that involves rhythmical flexion and extension of limbs and the underlying muscle co-activation of antagonist muscle around the joint. However, detection the co-activation pattern of antagonist muscle are sparse due to the general difficulty of measuring locomotion in human(More)
Muscle Co-activation (MCo) is the simultaneous muscular activation of agonist and antagonist muscle groups, which provides adequate joint stability, movement accuracy during movement. Infant crawling is an important stage of motor function development that manifests non-synchronization growth and development of upper and lower limbs due to the well-known(More)
Growth, photosynthetic characteristics, chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence parameters, and peroxidation of membrane lipids of Cryptotaenia japonica were studied under differing irradiances (15, 35, 60, and 100 % of full irradiance). At full irradiance, C. japonica exhibited a typical decline in net photosynthetic rate (PN) at midday, which was not observed in(More)
Multitendoned extrinsic muscles of the human hand can be divided into several neuromuscular compartments (NMCs), each of which contributes to the ability of human finger to produce independent finger movements or force. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the spatial activation of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) during the fingertip(More)
The physiological and psychophysical effects of combined flow resistive loads were studied systematically by using the Multistage Evaluation Scale (MES), determining the number of Just Noticeable Difference (JND) steps, and constructing equivalent resistive-load-sensation contours. During combined resistive loading, the relative changes of inspiratory and(More)
This paper presents and discusses the methodology and results of studies on respiratory sensation by using a fuzzy set category judgement model and applying the concept of just noticeable difference (JND) step and equivalent sensation. A new kind of category scale, the multistage evaluation scale (MES), based on a fuzzy set category judgement model for(More)
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