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Recent in vivo and in vitro work suggests that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we tested the effect of administering MSC directly into the airspaces of the lung 4 h after the intrapulmonary administration of Escherichia coli endotoxin (5 mg/kg). MSC increased survival compared with PBS-treated control mice at(More)
Activation of latent TGF-beta by the alpha(v)beta6 integrin is a critical step in the development of acute lung injury. However, the mechanism by which alpha(v)beta6-mediated TGF-beta activation is regulated has not been identified. We show that thrombin, and other agonists of protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), activate TGF-beta in an alpha(v)beta6(More)
New evidence indicates that neural mechanisms can down-regulate acute inflammation. In these studies, we tested the potential role of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) in a rodent model of acid-induced acute lung injury. We first determined that the alpha7 nAChR was expressed by alveolar macrophages and lung epithelial cells. Then,(More)
Activation of latent TGF-β by the αvβ6 integrin is a critical step in the development of acute lung injury. However, the mechanism by which αvβ6-mediated TGF-β activation is regulated has not been identified. We show that thrombin, and other agonists of protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1), activate TGF-β in an αvβ6 integrin–specific manner. This effect is(More)
Protease-activated receptors (PARs) and tachykinin-immunoreactive fibers are located in the lung as sentries to respond to a variety of pathological stimuli. The effects of PAR activation on the lung have not been adequately studied. We report on the effects of instilling PAR-activating peptides (PAR-APs, including PAR1-, PAR2-, and PAR4-AP) into the lungs(More)
Although activation of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) modulates the response to sepsis, the role of this pathway in the development of sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is not known. In this study, we addressed the contribution of alpha7 nAChR in mediating endotoxin- and live Escherichia coli-induced ALI in mice. Because we(More)
The potential therapeutic value of cell-based therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been reported in mouse models of polymicrobial peritoneal sepsis. However, the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of MSC have not been well defined. Therefore, we tested the therapeutic effect of intravenous bone marrow-derived human MSC in peritoneal(More)
BACKGROUND Mutation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in the airway epithelial cells can lead to recurrent airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF). Dysfunction of CFTR in neutrophils could contribute to LPS-induced acute lung inflammation. Deficiency of CFTR could also facilitate platelet aggregation and neutrophil-platelet(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamine (GLN) attenuates acute lung injury (ALI) but its effect on alveolar macrophages is unknown. We hypothesized that GLN pretreatment would induce the anti-inflammatory CD163/heme oxygenase (HO)-1/p38-MAPK dephosphorylation pathway in alveolar macrophages and reduce ALI in rats insufflated with interleukin-1 (IL-1) and lipopolysaccharide(More)
CD47 modulates neutrophil transmigration toward the sites of infection or injury. Mice lacking CD47 are susceptible to Escherichia coli (E. coli) peritonitis. However, less is known concerning the role of CD47 in the development of acute lung inflammation and injury. In this study, we show that mice lacking CD47 are protected from LPS-induced acute lung(More)