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By the methods of sequential soil cores and buried bags, an investigation was conducted to study the seasonal dynamics of fine roots in a 20-year-old Pinus massoniana plantation in Three Gorges Reservoir Area from March to December 2011, with the annual production and turnover rate of the fine roots calculated. In the plantation, the annual mean biomass of(More)
BACKGROUND Burning incense generates large amounts of air pollutants, many of which are confirmed or suspected human lung carcinogens. OBJECTIVES We conducted a population-based case-referent study to examine the effect of incense smoke exposure on lung cancer risk among Chinese males and explored the joint effect of cigarette smoking and exposure to(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an essential role in angiogenesis but are functionally impaired in diabetes. We recently reported that decreased expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) critically contributes to diabetic EPC dysfunction. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation has been shown to induce MnSOD and suppress(More)
BACKGROUND HIV transmission among men who have sex with men has recently become a major concern in China. Little is known, however, about HIV transmission among male sex workers (MSW). This study aimed to investigate HIV infection prevalence and risk factors among MSW in Shenzhen, China. MATERIALS AND METHODS Following formative research, a(More)
Chinese women in Hong Kong have among the highest incidence and mortality of lung cancer in the world, in spite of a low prevalence of smoking. We carried out this population-based case–control study to evaluate the associations of previous lung disease and family cancer history with the occurrence of lung cancer among them. We selected 212 cases that were(More)
BACKGROUND The extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) are the major pathogens causing pneumonia and have a significant impact on the clinical course. Limited data exist on molecular characterization of ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae that cause pneumonia. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) has become an increasing concern in China. Money boys (MBs) are a subgroup of MSM who sell sex to men. Direct comparison of HIV prevalence and related risk factors between MB and noncommercial MSM (ncMSM) has rarely been done. This study was conducted to make the comparison. METHODS Eight(More)
The prevalence of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased rapidly in China. Previous studies suggested that some venue-specific characteristics could significantly affect MSM's sexual behaviors that were related to HIV transmission. Thus, to compare the HIV infection rates and related risky sexual behaviors among MSM at different(More)
The cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are inflammatory mediators closely associated with neuronal injury after brain ischemia through the activation of their receptors, CysLT1R and CysLT2R. Here we investigated the involvement of both receptors in oxygen-glucose deprivation/recovery (OGD/R)-induced ischemic neuronal injury and the effect of the novel CysLT2R(More)
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) induce inflammatory responses by activating their receptors, CysLT(1)R and CysLT(2)R. We recently reported that CysLT(2)R is involved in neuronal injury, astrocytosis and microgliosis after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Here, we determined whether HAMI 3379, a selective CysLT(2)R antagonist, protects against acute brain(More)