Learn More
Orexins are peptides produced by lateral hypothalamic neurons that exert a prominent role in the maintenance of wakefulness by activating orexin-1 (OX1R) and orexin-2 (OX2R) receptor located in wake-active structures. Pharmacological blockade of both receptors by the dual OX1/2R antagonist(More)
Lactic acid is a well known metabolic by-product of intense exercise, particularly under anaerobic conditions. Lactate is also a key source of energy and an important metabolic substrate, and it has also been hypothesized to be a signaling molecule directing metabolic activity. Here we show that GPR81, an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor highly expressed(More)
Vacuolar invertase (VIN) has long been considered as a major player in cell expansion. However, direct evidence for this view is lacking due, in part, to the complexity of multicellular plant tissues. Here, we used cotton (Gossypium spp.) fibers, fast-growing single-celled seed trichomes, to address this issue. VIN activity in elongating fibers was(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRs) are single-stranded, noncoding RNAs that are important in many biological processes. Although the oncogenic and tumor-suppressive functions of several miRs have been characterized, their precise biological roles remain largely unexplored. In the(More)
Expansins are unique plant cell wall proteins that possess the ability to induce immediately cell wall extension in vitro and cell expansion in vivo. To investigate the biological functions of expansins that are abundant in wood-forming tissues, we cloned two expansin genes from the differentiating xylem of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.)(More)
The functional mechanisms of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have become a research focus in recent years. Accumulating evidence supports the notion that MSCs act in a paracrine manner. Therefore, the biological factors in conditioned medium, including exosomes and soluble factors, derived from MSC cultures are being explored extensively. The results from(More)
The metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a bona fide long noncoding RNA (lncRNA). LncRNA MALAT1 was discovered as a prognostic factor for lung cancer metastasis but also has been linked to several other human tumor entities. However, little is known about the role of lncRNA MALAT1 in glioma patients. The aim of this study was(More)
A sensitive and specific liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS) was developed and validated for the separation and simultaneous determination of danshensu, rosmarinic acid and tanshinone compounds including cryptotanshinone, tanshinone I, dihydrotanshinone I and tanshinone IIA in rat plasma. Chromatographic separation of the analytes(More)
5-HT(7) receptors are involved in REM sleep and possibly in mood disorders. REM sleep suppression and antidepressant-like behavior is observed in 5-HT(7)(-/-) mice and in rats treated with 5-HT(7) receptor antagonists. We recently demonstrated that pharmacological blockade of 5-HT(7) receptors enhances REM sleep suppression and antidepressant-like behavior(More)