Xiao-Quan Xu

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BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of intraarterial (IA) delivery and in vivo MR imaging of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a canine stroke model. METHODOLOGY MSCs harvested from beagles' bone marrow were labeled with home-synthesized SPIO. Adult beagle dogs (n = 12) were subjected to left(More)
It is estimated that lacunar infarcts account for 25% of all ischemic strokes, but its exact etiology is still on debating. The existing controversies include whether the embolisms can indeed cause lacunar stroke in humans or animal models. We hypothesized that lacunar infarction can be induced by the proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) segmental(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of age, gender and laterality on the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MR imaging measurements of parotid glands in healthy participants at 3.0-T MRI. METHODS A total of 108 healthy participants were prospectively recruited. IVIM MRI scan was performed using a 3.0-T MR scanner, and corresponding parameters (perfusion(More)
In acute stroke magnetic resonance imaging, many attempts have been made to identify the onset time of ischemic events using the simply quantitative judgment of relative signal intensity (rSI) from various MR images. However, no uniform opinion has been achieved broadly till now. The controversy might derive from the potential patients' selection bias of(More)
PURPOSE To assess the role of whole-tumor histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps in differentiating radiological indeterminate vestibular schwannoma (VS) from meningioma in cerebellopontine angle (CPA). MATERIALS AND METHODS Diffusion-weighted (DW) images (b = 0 and 1000 s/mm2) of pathologically confirmed and radiological(More)
The aim of our study is to compare the image quality of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI) and that of standard single-shot EPI (ss-EPI) in orbital 3 T diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in healthy subjects. Forty-two volunteers underwent two sets of orbital DW imaging scan at a 3 T MR unit, and image quality was assessed(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the differences in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements based on three different region of interest (ROI) selection methods, and compare their diagnostic performance in differentiating benign from malignant orbital tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Diffusion-weighted imaging data of sixty-four patients with orbital(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of quantitative measurements of the lacrimal gland based on 3‑T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis and staging of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The study retrospectively enrolled 33 patients with GO (the GO group) and 24 healthy volunteers [the healthy control (HC) group] with orbit MR(More)
The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) increased gradually in the past decades. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, as an important part of preimplantation evaluation for children with SNHL, could provide the detailed information about the inner ear, the vestibulocochlear nerve, and the brain, so as to(More)