Xiao-Qing Zhang

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For the promise of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to be realized, it is necessary to ask if and how efficiently they may be differentiated to functional cells of various lineages. Here, we have directly compared the neural-differentiation capacity of human iPSCs and embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We have shown that human iPSCs use the same(More)
Directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to a functional cell type, including neurons, is the foundation for application of hESCs. We describe here a reproducible, chemically defined protocol that allows directed differentiation of hESCs to nearly pure neuroectodermal cells and neurons. First, hESC colonies are detached from mouse(More)
Prussian blue (PB) modified g-Fe2O3 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) featuring varying PB proportions were synthesized and characterized by TEM, FTIR, UV-vis, EDS, XRD and XPS. The magnetic properties and peroxidase-like catalytic activity of the synthesized nanoparticles were investigated. With increasing PB content, the magnetism could still maintain a high(More)
PURPOSE A three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction method of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) nidus from digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in combination with CT and/or MRI was developed, and its usefulness was evaluated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS The contour of the AVM nidus was delineated on two orthogonal projected DSA images. First, the(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Based on the development of the general module of the system of quality of life instruments for cancer patients (QLICP-GM), this study was to develop and evaluate a quality of life scale for patients with colorectal cancer (QLICP-CR). METHODS A quality of life scale for colorectal cancer patients that associated with Chinese(More)
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), a pregnancy-related liver disease, leads to complications for both mother and fetus. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as candidate biomarkers for many diseases. So far, the circulating miRNAs profiling of ICP has not been investigated. To assess the urinary miRNAs as non-invasive biomarkers for ICP, a(More)
Ghrelin, a 28-amino acid brain-gut peptide expressed in periphery tissues and the central nervous system, has been demonstrated to increase insulin sensitivity in adipocytes. Recent data have indicated that insulin resistance exists in the brain and is related to Alzheimer's Disease (AD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether ghrelin increased(More)
In the present paper, 17 cases of freshly resected malignant thyroid tissue samples and 23 cases of benign thyroid tissue samples were characterized using FTIR spectroscopy with an ATR probe. Statistic analysis indicated that the FTIR spectra of cancerous tissue were significantly different from those of benign tissue. In comparison with normal tissues, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize HIV-1 specific CTL responses to regulatory proteins Tat and Rev in HIV-B'/C virus-infected ART-naive individuals. METHODS HIV-1-specific CTL responses were analyzed by IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay using overlapping peptides spanning the consensus sequences of HIV-1 clade C Tat and Rev proteins. Statistical analysis and graphical(More)
To investigate the relationship of tumor associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) expression with clinicopathological features in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Sixty pairs of HCC and paracarcinomatous (PCLT) tissues, and 10 nomral liver (NL) tissues were collected for Western blot analysis, and 244 pairs of HCC and PCLT tissues were collected for(More)