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The crystal structure of the DNA complex of a STAT-1 homodimer has been determined at 2.9 A resolution. STAT-1 utilizes a DNA-binding domain with an immunoglobulin fold, similar to that of NFkappaB and the p53 tumor suppressor protein. The STAT-1 dimer forms a contiguous C-shaped clamp around DNA that is stabilized by reciprocal and highly specific(More)
Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) is upregulated in multiple cancer types and contributes to the Warburg effect by unclear mechanisms. Here we demonstrate that EGFR-activated ERK2 binds directly to PKM2 Ile 429/Leu 431 through the ERK2 docking groove and phosphorylates PKM2 at Ser 37, but does not phosphorylate PKM1. Phosphorylated PKM2 Ser 37 recruits PIN1 for(More)
How does the long-term behaviour near equilibrium of model food webs correlate with their short-term transient dynamics? Here, simulations of the Lotka -Volterra cascade model of food webs provide the first evidence to answer this question. Transient behaviour is measured by resilience, reactivity, the maximum amplification of a perturbation and the time at(More)
PURPOSE Urapidil is putatively effective for patients with hypertension and acute heart failure, although randomized controlled trials thereon are lacking. We investigated the efficacy and safety of intravenous urapidil relative to that of nitroglycerin in older patients with hypertension and heart failure in a randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND(More)
The time variance and nonlinearity of forging processes pose great challenges to high-quality production. In this study, a one-step-ahead model predictive control (MPC) strategy based on backpropagation (BP) neural network is proposed for the precise forging processes. Two online updated BP neural networks, predictive neural network (PNN) and control neural(More)
The backward Lagrangian stochastic (BLS) model and open-path tunable diode laser (OPTDL) analyzer were used to monitor ammonia (NH3) emissions from urea applied to winter wheat in the North China Plain. The high-temporal resolution measurements of ammonia concentrations provided an opportunity for estimating the diel patterns of ammonia emissions, as well(More)
A viable method—open-path tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (OPTDL) in conjunction with a backward Lagrangian stochastic (bLS) dispersion model—has been used for micrometeorological monitoring of ammonia fluxes. In this technique, the gas concentration measured with the OPTDL sensor is used to infer the surface emission rate with the aid of(More)
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