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Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-dermatologic cancer in the western countries in western countries. High-risk PCa accounts for 15% of the diagnosed cases. In this study, we compare the long-term survival outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP), radiation therapy (RT), brachytherapy (BT), androgen- deprivation therapy (ADT), and watchful waiting(More)
BACKGROUND Uraemic pruritus (UP) is one of the most common problems in patients with chronic renal failure. Owing to the complexity of UP, no specific treatment is currently available. Recently, the accumulated toxins of mid and macro molecules in advanced renal failure have been proposed to play an important role in the mediation of pruritus. AIM To(More)
The pathogenesis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) remains poorly understood. Recent studies have implicated that monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is associated with diabetic microvascular or macrovascular complications. However, the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)c.2518A/G -rs1024611 in the MCP-1 gene with(More)
PURPOSE Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare and complex disease of lymphoid tissues typically involving a mediastinal mass. CD in the adrenal area is an even rarer occurrence. In the present study, two extremely rare cases of adrenal Castleman's disease at our hospital are reported, and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Significant findings: A(More)
Administration of nifedipine or tamsulosin has been suggested to augment stone expulsion rates. We aimed to compare the stone expulsion rates and adverse effects associated with the use of nifedipine or tamsulosin as medical expulsive therapy (MET) for the management of lower ureteral stones (LUS) without extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) via a(More)
Objective. To dissect the characteristics of adrenal medullary hyperplasia (AMH) and share our experience of diagnosis and treatment of AMH. Methods. From 1999 to 2013, 12 cases of AMH have been pathologically diagnosed after operation in our hospital. The clinical characteristics, process of diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis during follow-up of all(More)
PURPOSE Bronchogenic cysts are rare benign congenital anomalies, originating from the embryonic foregut ventral segment. Adrenal bronchogenic cyst is a rare form of this anomaly. One extremely rare case of bilateral adrenal multilocular bronchogenic cyst in our hospital was reported and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Significant findings: A(More)
Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) has been performed during radical prostatectomy in nearly all patients with clinically localized prostatic carcinoma (PCa), while the specific regions that needed to be removed demonstrated bifurcation among urologist. However, clinical studies comparing extended PLND (ePLND) with standard PLND (sPLND) and limited PLND(More)
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