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The Animal QTL database (QTLdb; http://www.animalgenome.org/QTLdb) is designed to house all publicly available QTL and single-nucleotide polymorphism/gene association data on livestock animal species. An earlier version was published in the Nucleic Acids Research Database issue in 2007. Since then, we have continued our efforts to develop new and improved(More)
The objective of the present study was to assess the predictive ability of subsets of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for development of low-cost, low-density genotyping assays in dairy cattle. Dense SNP genotypes of 4,703 Holstein bulls were provided by the USDA Agricultural Research Service. A subset of 3,305 bulls born from 1952 to 1998 was(More)
A Bayesian analysis via Markov chain Monte Carlo methods extending the simultaneous and recursive model of Gianola and Sorensen (2004) was proposed to account for possible population heterogeneity. The method was used to infer relationships between milk yield and somatic cell scores of Norwegian Red cows. Data consisted of test-day records of milk yield and(More)
Health and fertility are complex traits, and the phenotype for one trait may affect the phenotype of one or more other traits. For instance, disease in early lactation may impair a cow's ability to show estrus and to conceive after insemination. The objectives of the present study were to explore phenotypic and genetic relationships among health and(More)
Structural equation models (SEMs) of a recursive type with heterogeneous structural coefficients were used to explore biological relationships between gestation length (GL), calving difficulty (CD), and perinatal mortality, also known as stillbirth (SB), in cattle, with the last two traits having categorical expression. An acyclic model was assumed, where(More)
Predictive ability of models for litter size in swine on the basis of different sources of genetic information was investigated. Data represented average litter size on 2598, 1604 and 1897 60K genotyped sows from two purebred and one crossbred line, respectively. The average correlation (r) between observed and predicted phenotypes in a 10-fold(More)
Relationships between claw disorders and test-day milk yield recorded in 2005 on 5,360 Holstein cows, kept on 11 large-scale dairy farms in eastern Germany, were analyzed in a Bayesian framework with standard linear and threshold models and recursive linear and threshold models. Four different claw disorders, digital dermatitis (DD), sole ulcer (SU), wall(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) has devastated pig industries worldwide for many years. It is caused by a small RNA virus (PRRSV), which targets almost exclusively pig monocytes or macrophages. In the present study, five SAGE (serial analysis of gene expression) libraries derived from 0 hour mock-infected and 6, 12, 16 and 24 hours(More)
In a population intended for breeding and selection, questions of interest relative to a specific segregating QTL are the variance it generates in the population, and the number and effects of its alleles. One approach to address these questions is to extract several inbreds from the population and use them to generate multiple mapping families. Given(More)
People with obesity, especially extreme obesity, are at risk for many health problems. However, the responsible genes remain unknown in >95% of severe obesity cases. Our previous genome-wide scan of Wagyu x Limousin F2 cattle crosses with extreme phenotypes revealed a molecular marker significantly associated with intramuscular fat deposition.(More)