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In a population intended for breeding and selection, questions of interest relative to a specific segregating QTL are the variance it generates in the population, and the number and effects of its alleles. One approach to address these questions is to extract several inbreds from the population and use them to generate multiple mapping families. Given(More)
The Animal QTL database (QTLdb; http://www.animalgenome.org/QTLdb) is designed to house all publicly available QTL and single-nucleotide polymorphism/gene association data on livestock animal species. An earlier version was published in the Nucleic Acids Research Database issue in 2007. Since then, we have continued our efforts to develop new and improved(More)
The objective of the present study was to assess the predictive ability of subsets of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for development of low-cost, low-density genotyping assays in dairy cattle. Dense SNP genotypes of 4,703 Holstein bulls were provided by the USDA Agricultural Research Service. A subset of 3,305 bulls born from 1952 to 1998 was(More)
A Bayesian analysis via Markov chain Monte Carlo methods extending the simultaneous and recursive model of Gianola and Sorensen (2004) was proposed to account for possible population heterogeneity. The method was used to infer relationships between milk yield and somatic cell scores of Norwegian Red cows. Data consisted of test-day records of milk yield and(More)
Predictive ability of models for litter size in swine on the basis of different sources of genetic information was investigated. Data represented average litter size on 2598, 1604 and 1897 60K genotyped sows from two purebred and one crossbred line, respectively. The average correlation (r) between observed and predicted phenotypes in a 10-fold(More)
The launch of large-scale chicken expressed sequence tags (EST) projects has placed the chicken in the lead for the number of EST sequences in agriculturally important animals. More than 451,000 chicken ESTs derived from over 158 libraries have been deposited in the NCBI dbEST database as of December 2003. But how many genes these ESTs represent and how(More)
Structural equation models (SEMs) are multivariate specifications capable of conveying causal relationships among traits. Although these models offer insights into how phenotypic traits relate to each other, it is unclear whether and how they can improve multiple-trait selection. Here, we explored concepts involved in SEMs, seeking for benefits that could(More)
Statistical assessment of candidate gene effects can be viewed as a problem of variable selection and model comparison. Given a certain number of genes to be considered, many possible models may fit to the data well, each including a specific set of gene effects and possibly their interactions. The question arises as to which of these models is most(More)
People with obesity, especially extreme obesity, are at risk for many health problems. However, the responsible genes remain unknown in >95% of severe obesity cases. Our previous genome-wide scan of Wagyu x Limousin F2 cattle crosses with extreme phenotypes revealed a molecular marker significantly associated with intramuscular fat deposition.(More)
When multiple related families derived from inbred lines are jointly analysed to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs), the analysis should estimate allelic effects as accurately as possible and estimate the probability that different parents carry alleles that are identical in state. Analyses exist that assume that all parents carry unique alleles or that(More)