Xiao-Lin Lu

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BACKGROUND The alpha6beta4 integrin is overexpressed in the basal subtype of breast cancer and plays an important role in tumor cell motility and invasion. EGFR is also overexpressed in the basal subtype of breast cancer, and crosstalk between alpha6beta4 integrin and EGFR appears to be important in tumor progression. METHODS We evaluated the effects of(More)
Intercellular communications within the cancer microenvironment coordinate the assembly of various cell types. Exosomes are mediators of intercellular communication in immune signaling, tumor promotion, stress responses, and angiogenesis. The present research aimed to determine whether miRNAs secreted from human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells transformed(More)
DNA repair is critical for proper embryogenesis, and altered expression of DNA repair genes has been associated with neural tube defects (NTDs). The expression of DNA repair enzymes may be controlled, in part, by methylation of the promoter region. To assess whether disturbed promoter methylation pattern increases the incidence of NTDs, we employed(More)
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are serious congenital malformation of fusion failure of the neural tube during early embryogenesis. DNA methylation disorders have been found in NTD-affected fetuses, and are correlated to the risk of NTDs. The insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) gene, maternally imprinted, has a key role in fetal development. IGF2 transcription(More)
Folate hydrolase 1 (FOLH1) gene encodes intestinal folate hydrolase, which regulates intestinal absorption of dietary folate. Previous studies on the association between polymorphisms rs202676 and rs61886492 and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) were inconclusive. A case–control study of women with NTD-affected pregnancies (n = 160) and controls (n =(More)
The reason that a certain subgroup of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with t(8;21) translocation (generating the AML1/ETO fusion gene) displays a poor survival remains elusive. The proto-oncogene c-kit is expressed in approximately 80% of AML cases. The kinase domain mutation of the c-kit gene, one of the most common gain-of-function mutations(More)
Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) catalyzes the hydrolysis of N-acetylaspartylglutamate into N-acetylaspartate and glutamate in the brain. Animal experiments suggested that GCPII plays an essential role in early embryonic development. Previous studies provided conflicting results on the effect of the GCPII rs61886492 C>T (or 1561C>T) polymorphism on(More)
GLI2 is a key mediator of the sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway and plays an important role in neural tube development during vertebrate embryogenesis; however, the role of gli2 in human folate-related neural tube defects remains unclear. In this study, we compared methylation status and polymorphisms of gli2 between spina bifida patients and a control(More)
Clinical and epidemiological data suggest coronary artery disease shares etiology with prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this work was to assess the effects of several serum markers reported in cardiovascular disease on PCa. Serum markers (oxidized low-density lipoprotein [ox-LDL], apolipoprotein [apo] B100, and apoB48) in peripheral blood samples from 50(More)
Arsenic is well established as a human carcinogen, but the molecular mechanisms leading to arsenic-induced carcinogenesis are complex and elusive. It is also not known if lncRNAs are involved in arsenic-induced liver carcinogenesis. We have found that MALAT1, a non-coding RNA, is over-expressed in the sera of people exposed to arsenite and in hepatocellular(More)