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BACKGROUND The molecular basis for the focal nature of atherosclerotic lesions is poorly understood. Here, we explored whether disturbed flow patterns activate an innate immune response to form the NLRP3 inflammasome scaffold in vascular endothelial cells via sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP2). METHODS AND RESULTS Oscillatory flow(More)
BACKGROUND The main drawback of autologous fat grafting, which is commonly used for soft-tissue augmentation, is the high resorption rate. Cell-assisted lipotransfer has been used to improve fat graft survival; however, evidence for its efficacy and safety is still lacking. METHODS The authors searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, and EMBASE for(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicinal plants for treatment of coronary heart disease. Tanshinones are the main biological active compounds in S. miltiorrhiza. In this study, effects of exogenous methyl jasmonate (MJ) and nitric oxide (NO) on tanshinone production in S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots were investigated and the(More)
Tanshinones, a group of active ingredients in Salvia miltiorrhiza, are derived from at least two biosynthetic pathways, which are the mevalonate (MVA) pathway in the cytosol and the 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway in the plastids. Abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate (MJ) are two well-known plant hormones induced by water stress. In(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicinal plants because of its excellent performance in treating coronary heart disease. Tanshinones, a group of active compounds in S. miltiorrhiza, are derived from two biosynthetic pathways: the mevalonate (MVA) pathway in the cytosol and the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP)(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza has been widely used in the treatment of coronary heart disease. Tanshinones, a group of diterpenoids are the main active ingredients in S. miltiorrhiza. Two biosynthetic pathways were involved in tanshinone biosynthesis in plants: the mevalonate (MVA) pathway in the cytosol and the methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway in the(More)
The glycoside hydrolase of 7-β-xylosyltaxanes (designated as LXYL-P1-2) is encoded by Lxyl-p1-2 isolated from Lentinula edodes. This hydrolase specifically removes C-7 xylose from 7-β-xylosyltaxanes to form 7-β-hydroxyltaxanes, which can be used for the semi-synthesis of paclitaxel or its analogues. In our present study, we established a high-cell-density(More)
OBJECTIVE Adhesion molecules have been implicated in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Cannabinoids have been reported to modulate the migration and adhesion molecules expression of various cell types. Here we examined the effects of WIN55212-2, a cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1-R)/cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2-R) agonist on the development of(More)
The role of inflammation in all stages of atherosclerosis has been actively investigated, with an emphasis on the discovery of novel and innovative drugs for treatment and prevention. The anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory capacity of cannabinoids are well established, and these agents have a broad therapeutic potential in various inflammatory diseases,(More)