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A SNP upstream of the INSIG2 gene, rs7566605, was recently found to be associated with obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI) by Herbert and colleagues. The association between increased BMI and homozygosity for the minor allele was first observed in data from a genome-wide association scan of 86,604 SNPs in 923 related individuals from the Framingham(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon-based treatment is not suitable for many patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection because of contraindications such as psychiatric illness, and a high burden of adverse events. We assessed the efficacy and safety of an interferon-free regimen--a fixed-dose combination of the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir (400 mg)(More)
Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) are a group of heterogeneous disorders caused by defects in lysosomal enzymes or transporters, resulting in accumulation of undegraded macromolecules or metabolites. Macrophage numbers are expanded in several LSDs, leading to histiocytosis of unknown pathophysiology. Here, we found that mice lacking the equilibrative(More)
Migraine sufferers potentiate their visual evoked potentials (VEPs) from a short period of 2 min to a longer period of 15 min. As a lack of habituation is linked to higher level arousal, we thus hypothesized that short-term VEP potentiation might be correlated with an arousal-related personality trait. We therefore carried out short-term VEPs, Plutchik-van(More)
Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) is an inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDACs) used for the treatment of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL) and under consideration for other indications. In vivo studies suggest reducing HDAC function can enhance synaptic function and memory, raising the possibility that SAHA treatment could have neurological benefits.(More)
The discovery of novel analgesic compounds that target some receptors can be challenging due to species differences in ligand pharmacology. If a putative analgesic compound has markedly lower affinity for rodent versus other mammalian orthologs of a receptor, the evaluation of antinociceptive efficacy in non-rodent species becomes necessary. Here, we(More)
Purpose: Immunodeficient mice transplanted with subcutaneous tumors (xenograft or allograft) are widely used as a model of preclinical activity for the discovery and development of anticancer drug candidates. Despite their widespread use, there is a widely held view that these models provide minimal predictive value for discerning clinically active versus(More)
This paper describes the design and synthesis of a new class of β-alanine derived dienes stabilized by Ni(II)-complex. Preliminary study of their Diels–Alder cycloaddition reactions with several types of dienophiles demonstrates their significant synthetic potential for the preparation of various polyfunctional β-aminocyclohexane carboxylic acids.
Many orally administered, small-molecule, targeted anticancer drugs, such as dasatinib, exhibit pH-dependent solubility and reduced drug exposure when given with acid-reducing agents. We previously demonstrated that betaine hydrochloride (BHCl) can transiently re-acidify gastric pH in healthy volunteers with drug-induced hypochlorhydria. In this randomized,(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common solid tumor worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. HCC is a particularly serious threat to the Chinese population. Although many molecular alterations are known to be involved in the tumorigenesis of hepatocytes, no systemic survey has examined the somatic mutations in(More)