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PURPOSE Motion correction in PET has become more important as system resolution has improved. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of event-by-event and frame-based MC methods in human brain PET imaging. METHODS Motion compensated image reconstructions were performed with static and dynamic simulated high resolution research tomograph(More)
OBJECTIVES The thalamus and cerebral cortex are connected via topographically organized, reciprocal connections, which hold a key function in segregating internally and externally directed awareness information. Previous task-related studies have revealed altered activities of the thalamus after total sleep deprivation (TSD). However, it is still unclear(More)
Advanced neuroimaging studies have identified brain correlates of pathological impulsivity in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, whether and how these spatially separate and functionally integrated neural correlates collectively contribute to aberrant impulsive behaviors remains unclear. Building on recent progress in neuroeconomics toward(More)
We have tested the feasibility of real-time localized blood flow measurements, obtained with interstitial (IS) Doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT), to predict photodynamic therapy (PDT)-induced tumor necrosis deep within solid Dunning rat prostate tumors. IS-DOCT was used to quantify the PDT-induced microvascular shutdown rate in s.c. Dunning(More)
Whole-body PET/CT scanners are important clinical and research tools to study tracer distribution throughout the body. In whole-body studies, respiratory motion results in image artifacts. We have previously demonstrated for brain imaging that, when provided with accurate motion data, event-by-event correction has better accuracy than frame-based methods.(More)
PURPOSE Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a well established procedure for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Here we report our experience of the learning curve, efficacy, and safety of HoLEP. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed data from 190 consecutive patients who had undergone HoLEP for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The(More)
Functional neuroimaging studies suggest that abnormal brain functional connectivity may be the neural underpinning of addiction to illicit drugs and of relapse after successful cessation therapy. Aberrant brain networks have been demonstrated in addicted patients and in newly abstinent addicts. However, it is not known whether abnormal brain connectivity(More)
Motion correction in PET has become more important as system resolution has improved. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of three motion compensation methods, event-by-event motion compensation with list-mode reconstruction (MOLAR), frame-based motion correction, and post-reconstruction image registration. Motion compensated image(More)
UNLABELLED Neuroreceptor imaging in the nonhuman primate (NHP) is valuable for translational research approaches in humans. However, most NHP studies are conducted under anesthesia, which affects the interpretability of receptor binding measures. The aims of this study were to develop awake NHP imaging with minimal head restraint and to compare in vivo(More)
Previous studies have suggested that heroin addiction is associated with structural and functional brain abnormalities. However, it is largely unknown whether these characteristics of brain abnormalities would be persistent or restored after long periods of abstinence. Considering the very high rates of relapse, we hypothesized that there may exist some(More)