Xiao-Jian Hu

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The interaction between parasitic plants and their hosts is an important topic in both agriculture and ecology. Little, however, is known about that of the hemiparasite Pedicularis. It is essential to understand the host dependence and preference of Pedicularis for successful cultivation of plants in this genus and for understanding the roles they play in(More)
Human 3-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (3α-HSD3) has an essential role in the inactivation of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Notably, human 3α-HSD3 shares 97.8% sequence identity with human 20-alpha hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) and there is only one amino acid difference (residue 54) that is located in their steroid binding pockets.(More)
A new psychrophilic marine protease was found from a marine bacterium Flavobacterium YS-80 in the Chinese Yellow Sea. The protease is about 49 kD with an isoelectric point about 4.5. It consists of 480 amino acids and is homologous to a psychrophilic alkaline protease (PAP) from an Antarctic Pseudomonas species. The protein was purified from the natural(More)
Sau3AI is a type II restriction enzyme that recognizes the 5'-GATC-3' sequence in double-strand DNA and cleaves at 5' to the G residue. The C-terminal domain of Sau3AI (Sau3AI-C), which contains amino acids from 233 to 489, was crystallized and its structure was solved by using the Multi-wavelength Anomalous Diffraction method. The Sau3AI-C structure at 1.9(More)
The study investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of silent information regulation of transcription 1 (Sirt1) action on apoptosis in chondrocytes and degradation of the extracellular matrix. Cartilage tissue samples were derived from knee arthroplasty of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The three groups were as follows: Control, resveratrol(More)
Human 3α-HSD3 (3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3) plays an essential role in the inactivation of the most potent androgen 5α-DHT (5α-dihydrotestosterone). The present study attempts to obtain the important structure of 3α-HSD3 in complex with 5α-DHT and to investigate the role of 3α-HSD3 in breast cancer cells. We report the crystal structure of human(More)
The red fluorescent protein variant TagRFP-T has greatly improved photostability over its parent molecule, TagRFP, but the underlying mechanism leading to this improvement is to date unknown. The 1.95 Å resolution crystallographic structure of TagRFP-T showed that its chromophore exists as a mixture of cis and trans coplanar isomers in roughly equal(More)
Zearalenone hydrolase (ZHD) is an α/β-hydrolase that detoxifies and degrades the lactone zearalenone (ZEN), a naturally occurring oestrogenic mycotoxin that contaminates crops. Several apoenzyme and enzyme-substrate complex structures have been reported in the resolution range 2.4-2.6 Å. However, the properties and mechanism of this enzyme are not yet fully(More)
The emission spectrum of widely used CyPet is pH-sensitive. In order to synthesize a pH-insensitive cyan fluorescent protein by rational design, we solved the crystal structures of CyPet under different pH conditions. The indole group of the CyPet chromophore adopts a cis-coplanar conformation in acidic and neutral conditions, while it converts to(More)
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