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We consider the dynamics when traveling pulses encounter heterogeneities in a three-component reaction diffusion system of one-activator-two-inhibitor type, which typically arises as a qualitative model of a gas-discharge system. We focused on the case where one of the kinetic coefficients changes similar to a smoothed step function, which is basic for more(More)
Eye location is an important visual cue for face image processing such as alignment before face recognition, gaze tracking, expression analysis, etc. In this paper a novel eye detection algorithm is presented, which integrates the characteristics of single eye and eye-pair images to develop a hybrid classifier under the learning paradigm. The low(More)
Keywords: Wind power Unit Commitment Scenario analysis Quantum-inspired binary gravitational search algorithm Heuristic strategy a b s t r a c t With increasing wind farm integrations, unit commitment (UC) is more difficult to solve because of the intermittent and fluctuation nature of wind power. In this paper, scenario generation and reduction technique(More)
The major maturity gene E1 has the most prominent effect on flowering time and photoperiod sensitivity of soybean, but the pathway mediated by E1 is largely unknown. Here, we found the expression of GmFT4, a homolog of Flowering Locus T, was strongly up-regulated in transgenic soybean overexpressing E1, whereas expression of flowering activators, GmFT2a and(More)
The breakup of the supercontinent Gondwanaland into Africa, Antarctica, Australia and India about 140 million years ago, and consequently the opening of the Indian Ocean, is thought to have been caused by heating of the lithosphere from below by a large plume whose relicts are now the Marion, Kerguelen and Réunion plumes. Plate reconstructions based on(More)
Orphan nuclear receptors have been instrumental in identifying novel signaling pathways and therapeutic targets. However, identification of ligands for these receptors has often been based on random compound screens or other biased approaches. As a result, it remains unclear in many cases if the reported ligands are the true endogenous ligands,--i.e., the(More)
Most plants activate the developmental transition from the vegetative to the reproductive phase in response to photoperiod length, temperature, and other environmental stimuli. Successful identification of major genes underlying flowering time and maturity in soybean is a prerequisite for understanding of the regulation of flowering time. Recent progress(More)
Soybean (Glycine max) cultivars adapted to high latitudes have a weakened or absent sensitivity to photoperiod. The purposes of this study were to determine the molecular basis for photoperiod insensitivity in various soybean accessions, focusing on the sequence diversity of the E4 (GmphyA2) gene, which encodes a phytochrome A (phyA) protein, and 118 its(More)
T cell functional exhaustion during chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may contribute to the failed viral clearance; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that jumonji domain-containing protein 6 (JMJD6) is a potential regulator of T cell proliferation during chronic HBV infection. The expression of(More)
Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are the etiologic agent of many human infectious diseases. The existence of at least 54 different serotypes of HAdVs has resulted in difficulties in clinical diagnosis. Acute respiratory tract disease (ARD) caused by some serotypes from B and C species is particularly serious. Hexon, the main coat protein of HAdV, contains the(More)