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The gap junction in vertebrates is encoded by the connexin gene family. Recently, a new gene family termed pannexin (Panx) has been identified in vertebrates and found to encode gap junctional proteins as well. To date, three pannexin isoforms (Panx1, 2, and 3) have been cloned from mouse and human genomes. In this study, expression of pannexins in the(More)
Recently, aluminium (Al) has been proposed to be one of the environmental factors responsible for cause Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the relationship between Al and AD is controversial. To investigate the effects of subchronic Aluminium-maltolate (Al (mal)(3)) exposure on the behavioral, electrophysiological functions. Forty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The clinical utility of interactive computer-aided diagnosis (ICAD) systems depends on clinical relevance and visual similarity between the queried breast lesions and the ICAD-selected reference regions. The objective of this study is to develop and test a new ICAD scheme that aims improve visual similarity of ICAD-selected(More)
A simple and fast quaternion-Gabor filter is introduced for color texture segmentation in this paper. The algorithm achieves color texture multichannel Gabor filtering via DRBFT and IDRBFT. Despite the simplicity of the whole algorithm, the segmentation results are rather encouraging. In addition, the proposed algorithm is compatible with the measurement of(More)
This study aims to assess three methods commonly used in content-based image retrieval (CBIR) schemes and investigate the approaches to improve scheme performance. A reference database involving 3000 regions of interest (ROIs) was established. Among them, 400 ROIs were randomly selected to form a testing dataset. Three methods, namely mutual information,(More)
A method for quantitatively estimating lesion "size" from mammographic images was developed and evaluated. The main idea behind the measure, termed "integrated density" (ID), is that the total x-ray attenuation attributable to an object is theoretically invariant with respect to the projected view and object deformation. Because it is possible to estimate(More)
Evidence indicates that systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces brain inflammation, ultimately resulting in cognitive deficits. Ursolic acid (UA), a plant-derived pentacyclic triterpenoid, is well known to possess multiple biological functions, including antioxidant, anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory activities. In the present study, we(More)
AIM Cancer stem cells have the capacity to initiate and sustain tumor growth. In this study, we established a CD44(+) colorectal cancer stem cell line with particular emphasis on its self-renewal capacity, enhanced tumor initiation and drug resistance. METHODS Fresh colon cancer and paired normal colon tissues were collected from 13 patients who had not(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether using a fractal dimension as an objective index (quantitative measure) to assess and control the "visual" or "texture" similarity of reference-image regions selected by a content-based image retrieval (CBIR) scheme would (or would not) affect the performance of the scheme in(More)