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BACKGROUND p75NTR has been used to isolate esophageal and corneal epithelial stem cells. In the present study, we investigated the expression of p75NTR in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and explored the biological properties of p75NTR+ cells. METHODS p75NTR expression in ESCC was assessed by immunohistochemistry. p75NTR+ and p75NTR- cells of 4(More)
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) produces neurodegeneration and brain injury, and leads to behavioral and cognitive dysfunction. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment may potentially be neuroprotective in HI injury. The aim of this study was to examine any neuroprotection by HBO treatment on long-term neurological function in the rat model of neontatal HI.(More)
KIT autophosphorylation caused by mutation of KIT is considered to be a critical mechanism for the onco-genesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). However, little is known regarding whether stem cell factor (SCF), the KIT ligand, is able to induce the proliferation of GIST cells by activating the wild-type KIT receptor in GISTs. Imatinib, a(More)
The magnocellular neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus (MNCs) regulate their electrical behaviour as a function of external osmolality through changes in the activity of osmosensitive ion channels. We now present evidence that the MNCs express an osmosensitive voltage-gated K(+) current (the OKC). Whole-cell patch-clamp experiments on acutely isolated(More)
P2 receptors have been implicated in the release of neurotransmitter and proinflammatory cytokines by the response to neuroexcitatory substances in astrocytes. In the present study, we examined the mechanisms of ADP and adenosine 5'-O-2-thiodiphosphate (ADPbetaS, ADP analogue) on glutamate release from cultured dorsal spinal cord astrocytes by using(More)
Several studies have shown that astrocytes release neurotransmitters into the extracellular space that may then activate receptors on nearby neurons. In the present study, the actions of adenosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADPbetaS)-activated astrocyte conditioned medium (ADPbetaS-ACM) on cultured dorsal spinal cord neurons were evaluated by using confocal(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized pathologically by the deposition of amyloid-beta peptides (Abeta), neurofibrillary tangles, distinctive neuronal loss and neurite dystrophy. Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of AD, however, the role of its precursor (proNGF) in AD remains unknown. In this study, we(More)
Accumulation of toxic amyloid-β (Aβ) in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus is a major pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The neurotrophin receptor p75NTR has been proposed to mediate Aβ-induced neurotoxicity; however, its role in the development of AD remains to be clarified. The p75NTR/ExonIII-/- mice and APPSwe/PS1dE9 mice were crossed to(More)
P2X receptors are ATP-gated cationic channels composed of seven cloned subunits (P2X1 –7). P2X3 homomultimer and P2X2/3 heteromultimer receptors expressed by primary afferent dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons are involved in pain processing. The aim of the study was to investigate the expression of the P2X5 receptor subunit in DRG in different species(More)
Objectives. This study aimed to explore the effect of exendin-4 on t-BHP-induced apoptosis in pancreatic β cells and the mechanism of action. Methods. Murine MIN6 pancreatic β cells were treated with exendin-4 in the presence or absence of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). Cell survival was assessed by MTT staining. The percentage of apoptotic cells was(More)