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Viral infection triggers activation of transcription factors such as NF-kappaB and IRF3, which collaborate to induce type I interferons (IFNs) and elicit innate antiviral response. Here, we identified MITA as a critical mediator of virus-triggered type I IFN signaling by expression cloning. Overexpression of MITA activated IRF3, whereas knockdown of MITA(More)
Lanthanides, because of their diversified physical and chemical effects, have been widely used in a number of fields. As a result, more and more lanthanides are entering into the environment and eventually accumulated in human body. Recently, a new medicine, lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol), has been used to treat chronic renal failure (CRF), and the dosage(More)
Ceria nanoparticles (nano-CeO(2)), due to their widespread applications, have attracted a lot of concern about their toxic effects on both human health and the environment. The present work aimed to evaluate the in vivo effects of nano-CeO(2) (8.5 nm) on Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) at environmental relevant concentrations (molar concentrations(More)
With their widespread application in industry, agriculture, medicine, and daily life, rare earth elements (REEs) are widely used in various fields and eventually accumulated in human body. Therefore, understanding the effects of REEs on health has become more and more important. In this work, the neurotoxicity of lanthanum (La) was evaluated. Wistar rats(More)
The broad potential applications of manufactured nanomaterials call for urgent assessment of their environmental and biological safety. However, most of the previous work focused on the cell level performance; little was known about the consequences of nanomaterial exposure at the whole-body and organ levels. In the present paper, the radiotracer technique(More)
To investigate how the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles (NPs) affect their biological and toxicological effects, we evaluated the phytotoxicity of CeO2 and La2O3 NPs to cucumber (Cucumis sativus) plants and tried to clarify the relation between physicochemical properties of NPs and their behaviors. CeO2 NPs had no phytotoxicity to cucumber at all(More)
—Location privacy has been a serious concern for mobile users who use location-based services provided by the third-party provider via mobile networks. Recently, there have been tremendous efforts on developing new anonymity or obfuscation techniques to protect location privacy of mobile users. Though effective in certain scenarios, these existing(More)
Synchronization is a powerful and inherently hierarchical concept regulating a large variety of complex processes ranging from the metabolism in a cell to opinion formation in a group of individuals. Synchronization phenomena in nature have been widely investigated and models concisely describing the dynamical synchronization process have been proposed,(More)