Xiao Guang Cheng

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Femoral neck axis length, neck width, and neck-shaft angle were measured on radiographs of right proximal femora from 64 cadavers (28 female, 36 male). Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for various regions of interest, and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) was used to determine BMD and bone areas for(More)
Spinal bone mineral density (BMD) measurements and calcaneal ultrasound were compared in terms of their ability to predict the strength of the third lumbar vertebral body using specimens from 62 adult cadavers (28 females, 34 males). BMD was measured using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in both vertebra and calcaneus. Quantitative computed tomography (QCT)(More)
As part of an effort to quantify device-dependent differences in forearm bone density, 101 women, aged 20-80 years (approximately 16 women in each age decade), were scanned on six forearm bone densitometers: the Aloka DCS-600EX, the Hologic QDR-4500A, the Lunar PIXI, the Norland pDEXA, the Osteometer DTX-200, and the Pronosco X-posure System. Regression(More)
Relationships between quantitative ultrasound (QUS), density (bone volume density [BV/TV]), and trabecular architecture were investigated in 69 calcaneal cancellous bone cubes. Ultrasound signal velocity, phase velocity, attenuation, and broadband ultrasonic attenuation (BUA) measurements were made along the mediolateral axis. Density and architectural(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prediction of vertebral and femoral strength in vitro by bone mineral density (BMD) measured at different skeletal sites. The third lumbar vertebral body, the right proximal femur, and the right calcaneus were removed from 38 male and 32 female cadavers (mean age 69 years, range 23-92 years). Areal BMD of(More)
Matched pairs of the right proximal femur and right calcaneus were obtained from 64 cadavers (28 female, 36 male). Ultrasonic velocity and broadband ultrasonic attenuation were measured in the calcaneus using a laboratory ultrasound system. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the calcaneus and at the trochanteric and neck regions of the femur using(More)
The problem of osteoporosis in men has recently been recognized as an important public health issue. To test the hypothesis that endocrine deficiency-mediated alterations in bone metabolism might contribute to osteoporotic fracture risk in elderly men, serum levels of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D), 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH)2D), intact(More)
Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) is a bone densitometry technique that is able to provide real volumetric bone density values not only of the total but also of trabecular and cortical bone separately. Normal reference curves were constructed with cross-sectional data obtained in 275 postmenopausal women (50-85 years), measured at 4% of the(More)
Ultrasonic measurements were made in three orthogonal directions on 70 vertebral bone cubes. Apparent density (rho) was determined, and microcomputed tomography was used to derive a range of microstructural parameters. Qualitatively different ultrasonic behavior was observed in the craniocaudal (CC) axis, in which two distinct waves propagated. In this(More)
The structural Young's modulus (i.e. that of the cancellous framework) was determined by non-destructive compressive mechanical testing in the three orthogonal axes of 48 vertebral bone cubes. In addition, the material Young's modulus (i.e. of the trabeculae themselves) was estimated using an ultrasonic technique. Apparent and true density were determined(More)