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EPAC proteins are the guanine nucleotide exchange factors that act as the intracellular receptors for cyclic AMP. Two variants of EPAC genes including EPAC1 and EPAC2 are cloned and are widely expressed throughout the brain. But, their functions in the brain remain unknown. Here, we genetically delete EPAC1 (EPAC1(-/-)), EPAC2 (EPAC2(-/-)), or both EPAC1(More)
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that white matter (WM) disruptions, due to the injury of the axon and myelin, play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a sensitive modality to evaluate the WM integrity in both AD patients and animal models. In this study, an advanced DTI modality,(More)
To explore a potential methodology for treating aganglionic megacolon, neural stem cells (NSCs) expressing engineered endothelin receptor type B (EDNRB) and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) genes were transplanted into the aganglionic megacolon mice. After transplantation, the regeneration of neurons in the colon tissue was observed, and(More)
Antibody-targeted superantigen has been developed into a new strategy to treat many malignant tumors. In this study, for specific targeting to gastric cancer cell, superantigen SEB (Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B) was genetically fused to the single-chain variable fragment of gastric carcinoma-associated antibody MG7(MG7-scFv) that recognizes the MG7 antigen(More)
Cognition in all mammals including human beings declines during aging. The cellular events responsible for this decay involve a reduction of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. Here, we show that treatment with a nature product from a traditional Chinese medicine, namely salidroside restores the capacity of the dentate gyrus to generate new neurons and(More)
OBJECTIVE Many studies have indicated the prognostic and clinicopathological value of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients still remains controversial. Thus we performed this study to clarify the relationship between high ALDH1 expression in CRC and its impact on survival and clinicopathological features. METHODS(More)
Protein nitration is an important post-translational modification regulating protein structure and function, especially for heme proteins. Myoglobin (Mb) is an ideal protein model for investigating the structure and function relationship of heme proteins. With limited structural information available for nitrated heme proteins from experiments, we herein(More)
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