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PURPOSE The Minnesota Grading System (MGS) is a method to evaluate human eye bank eyes and determine the level of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), by using criteria and definitions from the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS). METHODS Donor eyes (108 pairs) from the Minnesota Lions Eye Bank were cut circumferentially at the pars plana to remove(More)
PURPOSE To examine changes of select reduction-oxidation (redox) sensitive proteins from human donor retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) at four stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN Experimental study. METHODS Human donor eyes were obtained from the Minnesota Lions Eye Bank and graded using the Minnesota Grading System (MGS) into four(More)
PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized clinically by changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), formation of drusen between the RPE and the underlying vasculature, geographic atrophy, and choroidal neovascularization. Later clinical stages are accompanied by impaired central vision. A limited understanding of the molecular(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been directly implicated in developmental and physiological processes, as well as in human cancer and other proliferative disorders. We have recently isolated and characterized a novel protease-activated member of the PDGF family, PDGF D. PDGF D has been shown to be proliferative for cells of mesenchymal origin,(More)
PURPOSE To compare the pharmacokinetics and tissue response between intravitreal and microcannulation injections into the suprachoroidal space using bevacizumab. METHODS Sixty-two pigs were studied. Either a pars plana intravitreal bevacizumab or a viscoelastic-enhanced microcannula suprachoroidal injection was performed with either 1.25 mg (group 1) or 3(More)
Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a critical role in the regulation of T-cell responses. Its immunoregulatory effects on endothelial cells (EC) remain unexplored. Here we show a role for IL-27 in the induction of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) expression in primary human EC. Stimulation of human umbilical vein ECs by(More)
Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is an IL-12-related cytokine that can promote both anti- and pro-inflammatory immune responses. In this study, we used the promonocytic cell line THP-1, an established model for monocytes to investigate if the immunoregulatory role of IL-27 is in part due to effects on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Ag presentation. We find(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the frequency of lesion types using fluorescein angiography (FA) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred cases of nAMD. METHODS Fluorescein angiograms from 908 patients (university-based, tertiary retinal referral practice [UP] = 478; comprehensive,(More)
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) play important roles in carcinogenesis. MiR-32 has been shown to be upregulated in CRC. In this study, we identified the potential effects of miR-32 on some important biological properties of CRC cells, and clarified the regulation of PTEN(More)