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Many plants accumulate proline in response to salt stress. Δ-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) is the rate-limiting enzyme in proline biosynthesis in plants. Plasmid DNA (pCHF3-PvP5CS1 and pCHF3-PvP5CS2) containing the selectable neomycin phosphotransferase gene for kanamycin resistance and Phaseolus vulgaris P5CS (PvP5CS1 and PvP5CS2) cDNA was(More)
c-Met is a well-characterized receptor tyrosine kinase for hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Compelling evidence from studies in human tumors and both cellular and animal tumor models indicates that signaling through the HGF/c-Met pathway mediates a plethora of normal cellular activities, including proliferation, survival, migration, and invasion, that are at(More)
Human adenoviruses have been used to develop candidate HIV vaccine vectors, but a major obstacle to the use of vectors derived from Ad5 and other common serotypes is the high prevalence of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) in humans. Prior studies have reported a prevalence of Ad5 between 60% and 70% in Europe and US, and up to 98% in surveyed African and(More)
BACKGROUND Deregulated thermal factors have been frequently implicated in the pathogenesis of male infertility, but the molecular basis through which certain responses are directed remain largely unknown. We previously reported that overexpression of exogenous Metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) protects spermatogenic tumor cells GC-2spd (ts) against(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been directly implicated in developmental and physiological processes, as well as in human cancer and other proliferative disorders. We have recently isolated and characterized a novel protease-activated member of the PDGF family, PDGF D. PDGF D has been shown to be proliferative for cells of mesenchymal origin,(More)
The quantized version of the anomalous Hall effect has been predicted to occur in magnetic topological insulators, but the experimental realization has been challenging. Here, we report the observation of the quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect in thin films of chromium-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3, a magnetic topological insulator. At zero magnetic field, the(More)
In recent years, the obfuscation has been one of the most intriguing open problems in cryptography. Loosely speaking, an obfuscation O(P) of a program P should preserve P's functionality and its code remains ``unintelligent''. However, few positive results have been proposed. Hada et. al in EUROCRYPT'10 demonstrated an obfuscation of encrypted signature.(More)
In this paper, a mixture of VLIW and vector architecture of ECC processor is proposed to perform either prime field GF(p) operations or binary field GF(2m) operations for arbitrary prime numbers and irreducible polynomials. Besides, an application specific instruction set for ECC is presented to support parallel processing with VLIW instruction structure(More)
In the present study, a brain and spinal cord cDNA library of Gekko japonicus was constructed, and 2349 unique expressed sequence tags (ESTs), composed of 494 clusters and 1855 singletons, were determined from 4108 randomly selected clones. Of these sequences, 54.8% (1287/2349) ESTs are identified as known genes and 45.2% (1062/2349), as unknown genes. The(More)