Xiao-Feng Le

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BACKGROUND Trastuzumab is part of the standard treatment for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-positive breast cancer, but not all patients respond to trastuzumab. Altered microRNA (miR) expression levels in cancer cells have been correlated with prognosis and response to chemotherapy. The authors of this report hypothesized(More)
Anti-HER2 antibody trastuzumab is emerging as a frontline therapy for patients with metastatic breast cancers that overexpress HER2. Understanding the molecular mechanisms by which the antibody inhibits tumor growth should permit the design of even more effective trastuzumab-based protocols. Several groups including our own have demonstrated that induction(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which the anti-HER2 antibodies trastuzumab and its murine equivalent 4D5 inhibit tumor growth and potentiate chemotherapy are not fully understood. Inhibition of signaling through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway may be particularly important. Treatment of breast cancer cells that overexpress HER2 with(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that nuclear receptor (NR) coregulators have potential to act as master genes and their deregulation can promote oncogenesis. Proline-, glutamic acid-, and leucine-rich protein-1 (PELP1/MNAR) is a novel NR coregulator. Its expression is deregulated in hormone-driven cancers. However, the role of PELP1/MNAR in ovarian cancer(More)
To investigate the mechanistic basis of the anti-tumor effect of the compound ITB-301. Chemical modifications of genistein have been introduced to improve its solubility and efficacy. The anti-tumor effects were tested in ovarian cancer cells using proliferation assays, cell cycle analysis, immunofluorescence, and microscopy. In this work, we show that a(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p27Kip1 binds to the cyclin E.CDK2 complex and plays a major role in controlling cell cycle and cell growth. Our group and others have reported that anti-HER2 monoclonal antibodies exert inhibitory effects on HER2-overexpressing breast cancers through G1 cell cycle arrest associated with induction of p27Kip1 and(More)
The 70 kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (p70S6K) is important for cell growth and survival. Activation of p70S6K requires sequential phosphorylation of multiple serine and threonine sites often triggered by growth factors and hormones. Here, we report that paclitaxel, a microtubule-damaging agent, induces phosphorylation of p70S6K at threonine 421 and serine 424(More)
Regulators of mitosis have been successfully targeted to enhance response to taxane chemotherapy. Here, we show that the salt inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) localizes at the centrosome, plays a key role in the initiation of mitosis, and regulates the localization of the centrosome linker protein, C-Nap1, through S2392 phosphorylation. Interference with the known(More)
Despite being an essential vitamin, folate has been implicated to enhance tumor growth, as evidenced by reports on overexpression of folate receptor alpha (FRα) in carcinomas. The role of another folate transporter, reduced folate carrier (RFC), is largely unknown. This study investigated the roles of folate, FRα and RFC in ovarian cancers. We demonstrated(More)
To understand the molecular mechanisms by which anti-p185 antibody and the ligand heregulin inhibit tumor growth, we have investigated several signaling proteins and pathways. We report here that anti-p185 monoclonal antibody ID5 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of HER2 in SKBr3 breast cancer cells that overexpress p185. Heregulin b1 induced phosphorylation(More)