Xiao Fei Kong

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Parathyroid hormone (PTH), a major regulator of mineral ion metabolism, and PTH-related peptide (PTHrP), which causes hypercalcemia in some cancer patients, stimulate multiple signals (cAMP, inositol phosphates, and calcium) probably by activating common receptors in bone and kidney. Using expression cloning, we have isolated a cDNA clone encoding rat bone(More)
The complementary DNA encoding a 585-amino acid parathyroid hormone-parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTH-PTHrP) receptor with seven potential membrane-spanning domains was cloned by COS-7 expression using an opossum kidney cell complementary DNA (cDNA) library. The expressed receptor binds PTH and PTHrP with equal affinity, and both ligands equivalently(More)
PHAS-I is a heat-stable protein (relative molecular mass approximately 12,400) found in many tissues. It is rapidly phosphorylated in rat adipocytes incubated with insulin or growth factors. Nonphosphorylated PHAS-I bound to initiation factor 4E (eIF-4E) and inhibited protein synthesis. Serine-64 in PHAS-I was rapidly phosphorylated by mitogen-activated(More)
The Lr34/Yr18 locus has contributed to durable, non-race specific resistance against leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) and stripe rust (P. striiformis f. sp. tritici) in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Lr34/Yr18 also cosegregates with resistance to powdery mildew (Pm38) and a leaf tip necrosis phenotype (Ltn1). Using a high resolution mapping family from a cross(More)
Activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) isoforms ERK1 and ERK2 was investigated in rat adipocytes. Kinase activities were measured by using myelin basic protein as substrate after the isoforms were resolved by Mono Q chromatography or by immunoprecipitation with specific antibodies. Insulin increased the activity of both isoforms by(More)
Diabetes-induced testicular cell death is due predominantly to oxidative stress. Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) is an important transcription factor in controlling the antioxidative system and is inducible by sulforaphane (SFN). To test whether SFN prevents diabetes-induced testicular cell death, an insulin-defective stage of type 2(More)
PTH/PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) receptor mRNAs are widely distributed in rat tissues. PTH and PTHrP, a peptide responsible for hypercalcemia associated with cancers, bind equivalently to common receptors that initially were cloned from rat bone and opossum renal cell cDNA libraries. In this study we used rat PTH/PTHrP receptor cDNA to probe for receptor(More)
THE upstream region of the human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene contains an insulin-response element (IRE-A) responsible for insulin-dependent transcription of the gene. The open reading frame of a rat complementary DNA encoding a protein (IRE-ABP) that binds to this sequence contains an HMG box motif that is 67% identical to the mouse(More)
Durable broad-spectrum, adult-plant stem rust resistance in wheat conferred by the Sr2 gene has remained effective against Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici worldwide for more than 50 years. The Sr2 gene has been positioned on the physical map of wheat to the distal 25% portion of the short arm of chromosome 3B. Selection for this gene in wheat breeding(More)
PHAS-I levels increased 8-fold as 3T3-L1 fibroblasts differentiated into adipocytes and acquired sensitivity to insulin. Insulin increased PHAS-I protein (3.3-fold after 2 days), the rate of PHAS-I synthesis (3-fold after 1 h), and the half-life of the protein (from 1.5 to 2.5 days). Insulin also increased the phosphorylation of PHAS-I and promoted(More)