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Receptor-mediated endocytosis of extracellular angiotensin II (Ang II) has been suggested to play an important role in the regulation of proximal tubule cell (PTC) function. Using immortalized rabbit PTCs as an in vitro cell culture model, we tested the hypothesis that extracellular Ang II is taken up by PTCs through AT 1 (or AT 1a) receptor-mediated(More)
Perfusion of hippocampal slices with an inhibitor nitric oxide (NO) synthase blocked induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) produced by a one-train tetanus and significantly reduced LTP by a two-train tetanus, but only slightly reduced LTP by a four-train tetanus. Inhibitors of heme oxygenase, the synthetic enzyme for carbon monoxide (CO), significantly(More)
Although renin, the rate-limiting enzyme of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), was first discovered by Robert Tigerstedt and Bergman more than a century ago, the research on the RAS still remains stronger than ever. The RAS, once considered to be an endocrine system, is now widely recognized as dual (circulating and local/tissue) or multiple hormonal(More)
Previous studies in humans have demonstrated a high co-morbidity between alcoholism and smoking. This co-morbidity between alcohol and nicotine dependence can be attributed, in part, to common genetic factors. In rodents, behavioral and physiological responses to alcohol and nicotine also appear to share common genetic influences. In this report, the(More)
Whole-body positron emission tomography (PET) has recently emerged as an important imaging tool for cancer detection and staging. Initial applications of the technique have been primarily qualitative. One of the major reasons is the limits imposed by kinetically undersampled data over the whole body, as opposed to the standard method of continuous dynamic(More)
The need to obtain information on the performance and lifetime of a tool in service is of prime importance to many industries. It calls for on-line acquisition of information such as temperature and strain values from tools and structures. With embedded sensors, structures are capable of monitoring parameters at critical locations not accessible to ordinary(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is well-recognized as one of the oldest and most important regulators of arterial blood pressure, cardiovascular, and renal function. New frontiers have recently emerged in the RAS research well beyond its classic paradigm as a potent vasoconstrictor, an aldosterone release stimulator, or a sodium-retaining hormone. First,(More)
Shape Deposition Manufacturing (SDM) is a layered manufacturing technique, which uses sequential steps of material deposition and removal to form 3-D structures. A Nd-YAG laser is used to produce fully dense, near net shape multi-material deposits. However, residual stresses caused by the temperature gradient and material property mismatches result in part(More)
Peripheral nerve injury requires a physical bridge across the lesion, which is limited by the insufficient supply of donor nerves. Here, we developed a new miniaturized bioreactor system for axon stretch growth. Dorsal root ganglia explants were first placed on two adjoining substrates and formed new synaptic connections. The axon bundles across the border(More)