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Contact inhibition of cell growth is essential for embryonic development and maintenance of tissue architecture in adult organisms, and the growth of tumors is characterized by a loss of contact inhibition of proliferation. The recently identified Hippo signaling pathway has been implicated in contact inhibition of proliferation as well as organ size(More)
To determine the pharmacokinetics of quercetin and its glucuronide/sulfate conjugates and to develop a pharmacokinetic model to simultaneously describe their disposition after intravenous and oral administration in rats. After oral, intraportal, and intravenous administration of quercetin, serial plasma, urine, and fecal concentrations of quercetin and its(More)
Increased levels of interleukin (IL)-10 have been described as a negative prognostic indicator for survival in patients with various types of cancer. IL-10 exerts tolerogenic and immunosuppressive effects on dendritic cells, which are crucial for the induction of an antitumor immune response. Blood dendritic cell antigen (BDCA)-2 and BDCA-4 are specifically(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT * Genetic polymorphisms of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 are known to influence warfarin dosage. * Recent studies among Caucasians showed that polymorphisms of CYP4F2 also play a role in warfarin pharmacogenetics. * The contribution of CYP4F2 variants to the variability inwarfarin dose requirement in Chinese subjects remains to(More)
Ginkgo biloba is one of the most popular herbal medicines in the world, due to its purported pharmacological effects, including memory-enhancing, cognition-improving, and antiplatelet effects. The study aimed to investigate the activity and expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A in human and rat primary hepatocytes treated with standardized G. biloba(More)
E-cadherin function leads to the density-dependent contact inhibition of cell growth. Because cadherins control the overall state of cell contact, cytoskeletal organization, and the establishment of many other kinds of cell interactions, it remains unknown whether E-cadherin directly transduces growth inhibitory signals. To address this question, we have(More)
We recently reported that the blood concentrations of Tacrolimus (FK506) in rats were markedly increased following the intake of a Chinese herbal preparation, Wuzhi Tablet (WZ, Schisandra sphenanthera extract). In order to identify the underlying mechanisms of the increase in FK506 level, we investigated the effects of WZ on the absorption and first-pass(More)
Phosphatidylserine (PS), which is exposed on the surface of apoptotic cells, has been implicated in immune regulation. However, the effects of PS on the maturation and function of dendritic cells (DCs), which play a central role in both immune activation and regulation, have not been described. Large unilamellar liposomes containing PS or(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the major complication after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and is characterized by the overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. In this study, we have identified interleukin-6 (IL-6) as a critical inflammatory cytokine that alters the balance between the effector and regulatory arms of the immune system and(More)
Effective conversion of xylose in lignocelluloses is expected to reduce the production cost of second-generation biofuels significantly. The factors affecting xylose fermentation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that express xylose reductase-xylitol dehydrogenase (XR-XDH) are studied. Although overproduction of non-oxidative pentose phosphate pathway(More)