Xiao-Bin Tang

Learn More
Cross-linking of the collagen binding receptor leukocyte-associated Ig-like receptor-1 (LAIR-1) in vitro delivers an inhibitory signal that is able to downregulate activation-mediated signals. To study the in vivo function of LAIR-1, we generated LAIR-1(-/-) mice. They are healthy and fertile and have normal longevity; however, they show certain phenotypic(More)
Immune responses must be tightly regulated to avoid hyporesponsiveness on one hand or excessive inflammation and the development of autoimmunity (hyperresponsiveness) on the other hand. This balance is attained through the throttling of activating signals by inhibitory signals that ideally leads to an adequate immune response against an invader without(More)
To achieve an adequate response, cells of the immune system must be tightly regulated to avoid hypo or hyper responsiveness. One of the mechanisms used by the immune system to avoid excessive inflammation is the modulation of the response through inhibitory receptors containing immunoreceptor tyrosine based inhibitory motifs (ITIM). Here, we show that human(More)
Histone modifications play an important role in eukaryotic gene regulation. However, the dynamic alteration of histone modification during development is poorly understood. In addition, the relationship between histone modification and globin gene switching remains unclear. Here, we assessed the dynamic pattern of histone modification (H3 acetylation, H4(More)
We used a model of combined bone marrow and heart transplantation, in which tolerance and stable chimerism is induced after conditioning with fractionated irradiation of the lymphoid tissues and anti-T-cell antibodies. Graft acceptance and chimerism required host CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg production of IL-10 that was in-turn enhanced by host invariant natural(More)
A novel series of 1,2-benzisothiazol-3-one derivatives was synthesized and their biological activities were evaluated for inhibiting caspase-3 and -7 activities, in which some of them showed low nanomolar potency against caspase-3 in vitro and significant protection against apoptosis in a camptothecin-induced Jurkat T cells system. Among the tested(More)
ITIM-containing receptors play an essential role in modulating immune responses. Leukocyte-associated inhibitory receptor (LAIR)-1, also known as CD305, is an ITIM-containing inhibitory receptor, expressed by all leukocytes, that binds collagens. In this article, we investigate the effect of a conservative R65K mutation on LAIR-1 ligand binding and(More)
Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by anti-nuclear antibodies in humans and genetically susceptible NZB/W mice that can cause immune complex glomerulonephritis. T cells contribute to lupus pathogenesis by secreting pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17, and by interacting with B cells and secreting helper factors such as IL-21 that(More)
To investigate the in vivo function of the newly defined DNase I hypersensitive site HS-48 on the whole human alpha-globin gene cluster, the region containing all the other known 5 hypersensitive sites HS-4 to HS-40 was deleted from a 117 kb bacterial artificial chromosome clone bearing the whole human alpha-globin gene cluster. Transgenic mice were(More)
Coincident counts can be observed in experimental radiation spectroscopy. Accurate quantification of the radiation source requires the detection efficiency of the spectrometer, which is often experimentally determined. However, Monte Carlo analysis can be used to supplement experimental approaches to determine the detection efficiency a priori. The(More)