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The RAT1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a 5'-->3' exoribonuclease which plays an essential role in yeast RNA degradation and/or processing in the nucleus. We have cloned a previously uncharacterized gene (YGL246c) that we refer to as RAI1 (Rat1p interacting protein 1). RAI1 is homologous to Caenorhabditis elegans DOM-3 and human DOM3Z. Deletion of(More)
The human proto-oncogene bcl-2 and its Caenorhabditis elegans homologue ced-9 inhibit programmed cell death. In contrast, members of the human interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE) family of cysteine proteases and their C. elegans homologue CED-3 promote the death program. Genetic experiments in C. elegans have shown that ced-9 is formally a negative(More)
Receptors activate adenylyl cyclases through the Galphas subunit. Previous studies from our laboratory have shown in certain cell types that express adenylyl cyclase 6 (AC6), heterologous desensitization included reduction of the capability of adenylyl cyclases to be stimulated by Galphas. Here we further analyze protein kinase A (PKA) effects on adenylyl(More)
Brick tea-drinking fluorosis is an unusual environmental problem. As a result of an investigation of tea-drinking habits, total fluoride intakes, dental fluorosis, and skeletal fluorosis, this disease has been found in the Sichuan Province of China in Tibetans with a long history of drinking brick tea. The dental fluorosis investigation of 375 Tibetan(More)
Neuronal apoptosis occurs during nervous system development and after pathological insults to the adult nervous system. Inhibition of CED3/ICE-related proteases has been shown to inhibit neuronal apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, indicating a role for these cysteine proteases in neuronal apoptosis. We have studied the activation of the CED3/ICE-related(More)
The cysteine protease CPP32 has been expressed in a soluble form in Escherichia coli and purified to >95% purity. The three-dimensional structure of human CPP32 in complex with the irreversible tetrapeptide inhibitor acetyl-Asp-Val-Ala-Asp fluoromethyl ketone was determined by x-ray crystallography at a resolution of 2.3 A. The asymmetric unit contains a(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF or vascular permeability factor) is an important angiogenic factor that is up-regulated in numerous benign and malignant disorders, including angiosarcoma, hemangiomas, and solid tumors. To determine the functional role of VEGF in the development of endothelial tumors, we expressed primate VEGF 121 in an endothelial(More)
The proteoglycans of animal cells typically contain one or more heparan sulfate or chondroitin sulfate chains. These glycosaminoglycans assemble on a tetrasaccharide primer, -GlcAbeta1, 3Galbeta1,3Galbeta1,4Xylbeta-O-, attached to specific serine residues in the core protein. Studies of Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants defective in the first or second(More)
The interactive effects of salicylic acid (SA) and nitric oxide (NO) on alleviating cadmium (Cd) toxicity in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) were studied. Seedlings of two cultivars (Huayu 22 — a big seed type, and Xiaobaisha — a small seed type) were treated with 200 μM CdCl2 without or with 0.1 mM SA or 0.25 mM sodium nitroprusside (SNP, an NO donor).(More)
The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment is a dual-phase xenon time-projection chamber operating at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (Lead, South Dakota). The LUX cryostat was filled for the first time in the underground laboratory in February 2013. We report results of the first WIMP search data set, taken during the period from April to(More)