Xianzhao Kan

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TO THE EDITOR—On 20 May 2013, the world’s first human-infected case of H6N1 bird flu was reported in Taiwan. A novel avian-origin influenza A(H6N1) virus was confirmed by the National Influenza Center, Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan, and the patient has already recovered. The H6 subtype influenza viruses were first identified in turkeys in 1965, and(More)
The gram-positive spore-forming bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) strains produced novel cellulases which could liberate glucose from soluble cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), and insoluble crystalline cellulose. The maximal cellulase activities were obtained after 60 hrs incubation at 28oC in a LB broth medium with 1% CMC. Maximum CMCase(More)
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus is a member of the large wading bird family, known as Ardeidae. In the present study, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome of I. cinnamomeus for use in future phylogenetic analysis. This circular mitochondrial genome is 17,180 bp in length and composed of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes and one(More)
Mitochondrial genome has proven to be a powerful tool for phylogenetic inference, phylogeography, and molecular evolution. In this study, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome of Emberiza tristrami (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) for use in future phylogenetic analyses. This circular mitochondrial genome is 16,789 bp in length and composed of 13(More)
Histone lysine methylation plays a pivotal role in a variety of developmental and physiological processes through modifying chromatin structure and thereby regulating eukaryotic gene transcription. The SET domain proteins represent putative candidates for lysine methyltransferases containing the evolutionarily-conserved SET domain, and important epigenetic(More)
The family Accipitridae is one of the largest groups of non-passerine birds, including 68 genera and 243 species globally distributed. In the present study, we determined the complete mitochondrial sequences of two species of accipitrid, namely Aquila fasciata and Buteo lagopus, and conducted a comparative mitogenome analysis across the family. The(More)
In this study, we present the complete mitochondrial genome of P. s. hainanus, which is spread over Hainan Island, southern China and northern Vietnam, containing 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes (srRNA and lrRNA) and 2 extensive heteroplasmic control regions. All protein-coding, rRNA genes have more than(More)
Mitochondrial genomes have proved to be powerful tools in resolving phylogenetic relationships. Emberiza chrysophrys (least concern species: IUCN 2013) is a passerine bird in the bunting family, Emberizidae. The complete mitochondrial genome of E. chrysophrys was sequenced. This circular mitochondrial genome was 16,803 bp in length, with an A+T content of(More)
The Eurasian siskin (Spinus spinus), also called the European siskin, common siskin or just siskin, is found throughout Europe and Asia. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of S. spinus was determined to be 16,828 bp. The size of protein-coding genes (PCGs) in the S. spinus mitochondrial genome was 11,400 bp. The longest PCG of S. spinus mtDNA(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome of Sturnus sericeus is 16,823 bp in length, and contains 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and a single control region. All genes were coden on the H-strand, with the exceptions of one PCG (nad6) and eight tRNA genes (tRNA (Gln) , tRNA (Ala) , tRNA (Asn) , tRNA (Cys) , tRNA (Tyr) ,(More)