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Phonological loop affects children’s interpretations of explicit but not ambiguous questions: Research on links between working memory and referent assignment
The results suggest that although the phonological loop capacity could overtly enhance the storage of verbal information, it does not seem to directly contribute to the pragmatic referential process, which might require further social cognitive processes.
Space and rank: infants expect agents in higher position to be socially dominant
- Xianwei Meng, Yo Nakawake, Hiroshi Nitta, K. Hashiya, Y. Moriguchi
- PsychologyProceedings of the Royal Society B
- 9 October 2019
Experimental evidence is presented that infants expect spatially higher-positioned agents to be socially dominant, suggesting deep roots of the space-dominance link in ontogeny.
Smiling enemies: Young children better recall mean individuals who smile.
Preverbal infants expect agents exhibiting counterintuitive capacities to gain access to contested resources
- Xianwei Meng, Yo Nakawake, K. Hashiya, E. Burdett, J. Jong, H. Whitehouse
- PsychologyScientific reports
- 25 May 2021
It is shown that 12- to 16-month-old infants expect agents exhibiting counterintuitive capacities to win out in a two-way standoff over a contested resource, suggesting that the link between supernatural power and worldly authority has early origins in development.
Prosocial behavior is related to later executive function during early childhood: A longitudinal study
- Y. Moriguchi, I. Shinohara, Naoya Todo, Xianwei Meng
- PsychologyEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
- 3 May 2020
ABSTRACT Previous research has shown that executive function is correlated with prosocial behavior during early childhood. Whether early prosocial behaviors were associated with later executive…
Pointing Behavior in Infants Reflects the Communication Partner’s Attentional and Knowledge States: A Possible Case of Spontaneous Informing
It is suggested that infants in this age group spontaneously point, presumably to inform about an object, reflecting the partner’s attentional and knowledge states.
Observing Third-Party Attentional Relationships Affects Infants' Gaze Following: An Eye-Tracking Study
Infants' gaze following could be negatively predicted by their expectation of the partner's response to the actor's head turn, suggesting that the sensitivity to the difference in knowledge and attentional states in the second year of human life could be extended to third-party interactions, even without any direct involvement in the situation.
Overt congruent facial reaction to dynamic emotional expressions in 9-10-month-old infants.
Neural basis for egalitarian sharing in five-to six-year-old children
Experiencing physical warmth affects implicit attitudes and altruistic behavior toward outgroup in females
The results demonstrated that female participants who touched the warm (vs. cold) cup showed more positive attitudes and helping behavior toward the Chinese individual, and the correlation between those attitudes and help behaviors supports the effects of enhanced implicit attitudes and suggests that experiencing physical warmth could increase prosocial response to outgroup members in real interactions.