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BACKGROUND During the spring of 2013, a novel avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus emerged and spread among humans in China. Data were lacking on the clinical characteristics of the infections caused by this virus. METHODS Using medical charts, we collected data on 111 patients with laboratory-confirmed avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) infection through(More)
The currently accepted approaches to treatment of pulmonary fibrosis are based on the treatment of alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis, however clinically available anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic agents are not often beneficial. Hu-qi-yin, one of the traditional Chinese herbal formulas, has been used for clinical therapy of pulmonary fibrosis in China.(More)
Objective To evaluate the impact of pharmacist interventions on antibiotic use in inpatients with respiratory tract infections in a tertiary hospital in China. Method Two independent respiratory wards were randomized into control and intervention group. Between July 2009 and April 2010, all inpatients diagnosed with respiratory tract infections were(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The pericarp of Citrus reticulata possesses medical functions of regulating Qi and expelling phlegm, and has been clinically used for the treatment of lung related diseases in traditional Chinese medicine for a long time. Our previous research revealed that Citrus reticulata exhibited inhibitory effects on pulmonary fibrosis;(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY A Chinese herbal formula, Hu-qi-yin possessed an anti-pulmonary fibrosis effect. Pericarp of Citrus reticulata, one of the herbal drugs contained in this formula showed the most potent inhibitory activity on the proliferation of human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELF). The present study was designed to clarify the active principles(More)
To date, most research has been focused on the benign molecules in pleural effusions, and diagnosis of malignant ones still remains challenging. In the present study, targeting the small molecules as potential biomarkers to predict the malignancy of the effusions, the metabolic profiles of 81 clinical pleural effusions (41 malignant effusions from lung(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of adjuvant corticosteroids administered to patients hospitalized with influenza A (H7N9) viral pneumonia. DESIGN The effects of adjuvant corticosteroids on mortality were assessed using multivariate Cox regression and a propensity score-matched case-control study. Nosocomial infections and viral shedding were also(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of essential oil of Citrus reticulata (EOCR) on proliferation of human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HELFs), and to explore its protective effects on bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrosis in rats. METHODS Routinely cultured HELFs during the logarithmic phase of growth were divided into control and treated groups, and(More)
Tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (Tph-1), the principal enzyme for peripheral serotonin biosynthesis, provides a novel target to design anabolic agents for osteoporosis. Here, we present a design, synthesis of a novel series of ursolic acid derivatives under the guidance of docking technique, and bioevaluation of the derivatives using RBL2H3 cells and(More)