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Accumulating evidence indicates that the formation of tumor cell platelet emboli complexes in the blood stream is a very important step during metastases and that the anti-metastasis effects of heparin are partially due to a blockade of P-selectin on platelets. In this study, heparin and chemically modified heparins were tested as inhibitors of three human(More)
The functions of platelets and fibrinogen in protecting tumor cells from natural killer cytotoxicity have been discussed for more than 20 years. However, their exact roles and relationships in the process are still not clear. In this study, we show that tumor cells prefer to adhere to fibrinogen than to platelets, and fibrinogen can enhance the adhesion of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was expressed in developing respiratory epithelial cells under control of the promoter from the human surfactant protein C (SP-C) gene. SP-C-VEGF transgenic mice did not survive after birth. When obtained by hysterectomy on embryonic day 15 (E15) or 17 (E17), abnormalities in the transgenic mice were confined to the(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is the best-characterized selectin ligand that has been demonstrated to mediate leukocytes rolling on endothelium and leukocytes recruitment into inflamed tissue in vivo. In addition to its direct role in leukocyte capturing, PSGL-1 also functions as a signal-transducing receptor. The present work showed that after(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) is a key regulator in the migration of tumor cells. αvβ3 integrin has been reported to play a critical role in cell adhesion and regulate the migration of tumor cells by promoting MMP-2 activation. However, little is known about the effects of MMP-2 on αvβ3 integrin activity and αvβ3 integrin-mediated adhesion(More)
L-selectin and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) are adhesion molecules that play critical roles in neutrophil rolling during inflammation and lymphocyte homing. On the other hand they also function as signaling receptors to induce cytoskeleton changes. The present study is to investigate the signaling kinases responsible for the F-actin changes(More)
Purpose: Several independent studies have indicated that tumor metastasis can be inhibited by chemically modified heparin with low anticoagulant activity in the different tumor models. The mechanism of inhibition by the heparin derivatives in part accounts for the interference of tumor cell–platelet interaction mediated by P-selectin. Methods: In the(More)
P-selectin plays a crucial role during hematogenous metastasis, and the blockade of P-selectin binding to its ligand can attenuate metastasis in various tumor models. Heparin or chemically modified heparins with decreased anticoagulant activities exhibit marked inhibitory effects on P-selectin-mediated adhesion. Here, we prepared chemically modified(More)
Selectins are carbohydrate-binding cell adhesion molecules that play a major role in the initiation of inflammatory responses. Heparin can bind to P-selectin, and its anti-inflammatory property is mainly due to inhibition of P-selectin. However, the strong anticoagulant activity of heparin limits its clinical use. We prepared periodate-oxidized,(More)
The distribution and organization of nucleolar DNA in Vicia faba L. was analyzed by specific cytochemical staining using NAMA-Ur. The results showed that nucleolar DNA was distributed in the FCs and at the FC/DFC junctions. Statistical analysis showed that the rRNA genes occupied about one-third of the total dense fibrillar component region. The rDNA was(More)