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Background: The pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularization is largely unknown. We investigated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in rats. Methods: Intense krypton laser photocoagulation was applied to the posterior poles of the eyes of pigmented rats to induce CNV, which was confirmed(More)
Growth factors involved in angiogenesis are critical to both the normal and pathological vascular development in the retina and choroid. In the present experiment, the relationship between the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and the retinochoroidal vasculogenesis in Sprague-Dawley rats was investigated using in situ hybridization and(More)
Insulin receptor substrates, including Irs1 and Irs2, integrate insulin and IGF receptor signals with heterologous pathways to coordinate growth and metabolism. Since Irs2 is thought to be especially important in hepatic nutrient homeostasis, we deleted Irs2 [corrected] from hepatocytes of WT mice (called LKO) or genetically insulin-resistant Irs1-/- mice(More)
Endothelial cell phenotypes are differentially regulated between different sites of the vascular tree. We tested the hypothesis that endocan, a novel soluble dermatan sulfate proteoglycan, is differentially expressed in the intact endothelium and that site-specific expression is mediated by signals in the local microenvironment. Using a combination of(More)
Insulin receptor substrates (Irs-proteins) integrate signals from the insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) receptors with other processes to control cellular growth, function, and survival. Here, we show that Irs2 promoted the maturation and survival of photoreceptors in the murine retina immediately after birth. Irs2 was mainly localized to the(More)
•Background: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates the mitogenesis of various cells and plays a key role in wound repair. We studied the immunohistochemical localization of bFGF during wound repair in the rat retina after laser photocoagulation. • Methods: Krypton laser photocoagulation was performed on the eyes of pigmented rats. The eyes were(More)
Endothelial-cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a cysteine-rich protein that is expressed primarily in endothelial cells of the lung, kidney and gut. In the present study, we have cloned and sequenced 3,888 bp of the 5' flanking region of the human ESM-1 gene. The full-length promoter directed high-level expression of the luciferase reporter gene in bovine(More)
• Background: The intravitreal injection of ornithine produces selective damage to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and results in a loss of RPE, choriocapillaris and photoreceptor cells. To elucidate the mechanism of secondary retinal atrophy, we investigated the presence of apoptotic cells in a rat model of ornithine-induced retinopathy. • Methods: At(More)
In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which the chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel (PTX) induced the expression of B7-H1 immunosuppressive molecules in the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line SW480 and the hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2. We found ptX induced B7-H1 protein expression in SW480 and HepG2 cells as demonstrated by(More)
• Background: Scatter photocoagulation induces regression of retinal neovascularization, but the mechanism of its therapeutic effect is incompletely understood. To elucidate the mechanism of therapeutic effect of photocoagulation is the main focus of our research. We have already demonstrated basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) immunolocalization during(More)