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The local metallicities of Hf(0.97)Gd(0.03)O(2), Ga(0.97)Gd(0.03)N, Eu(0.97)Gd(0.04)O and EuO films were studied through a comparison of the findings from constant initial state spectroscopy using synchrotron light. Resonant enhancements, corresponding to the 4d → 4f transitions of Eu and Gd, were observed in some of the valence band photoemission features.(More)
In this paper, we investigated the dielectric properties of (In + Nb) co-doped rutile TiO2 single crystal and polycrystalline ceramics. Both of them showed colossal, up to 10(4), dielectric permittivity at room temperature. The single crystal sample showed one dielectric relaxation process with a large dielectric loss. The voltage-dependence of dielectric(More)
The static and dynamic features of magnetization have been investigated in terms of dc magnetization, ac susceptibility, and memory effects on single-layered perovskite La(0.7)Sr(1.3)CoO(4). The results indicate that short-range ferromagnetic clusters coexist with the glassy magnetic state, i.e., a cluster-glass phase between T(f) and T(G) and a(More)
A series of compact La/O-vacant La(1-x)CoO(3-y) compounds were prepared by a cold high-pressure procedure, and their thermoelectric (TE) properties were investigated. Compared with the ion-substituted hole-type LaCoO(3) systems (e.g., La(1-x)Sr(x)CoO(3)), the thermal conduction of La(1-x)CoO(3-y) is noticeably reduced by the La/O vacancies, whereas the(More)
Effect of gadolinium doping on the electronic band structure of europium oxide" (2012). Peter Dowben Publications. Paper 248. High quality films of EuO and Eu 0.96 Gd 0.04 O were grown on p-type Si(100) via pulsed laser deposition. X-ray-diffraction results show that the addition of Gd changes the growth texture from [001] to [111]. Angular-resolved(More)
In this paper, we report on the hydrogen photochromism in Nb2O5 powders with different structures. Four different powder phases were prepared by calcining Nb2O5·nH2O powders at various temperatures, and their morphology, structure, and electronic band structure were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, structural analyses, thermogravimetric(More)
To safely and reliably use aluminum nitride (AlN) helices in the fabrication of novel micro/nanodevices, it is very important to know their mechanical properties. Herein, we investigate the mechanical properties of individual AlN helices using an in situ tensile-bending test. Tensile tests reveal that an AlN helix has an average ε of ∼4.7 ± 0.8% elastic(More)
A soft coral Sinularia sp., collected from the South China Sea, was selected to investigate the bioactive and chemical constituents. The EtOAc fraction were isolated by repeatedly silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography to obtain lobophytolide A (1), 3-dehydroxylpresinularolide B (2), sarcophine (3), 3 beta-acetoxyisolobophytolide (4),(More)
In this paper, we report a sensitive lateral photovoltaic effect (LPE) in Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub>/3C-SiC Schottky junctions with a fast relaxation time at near-ultraviolet wavelengths. The rectifying behavior suggests that the large build-in electric field was formed in the Schottky junctions. This device has excellent position sensitivity as high as(More)
Carbon-based nanomaterials provide an attractive perspective to replace precious Pt-based electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) to enhance the practical applications of fuel cells. Herein, we demonstrate a one-pot direct transformation from graphitic-phase C3N4 (g-C3N4) to nitrogen-doped graphene. g-C3N4, containing only C and N elements,(More)