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Underwater electromagnetic (EM) communications were investigated with fervent interest in the last century up until the 1970s. Because its range is restricted by fundamental attenuation and noise factors that must be considered as unchangeable environmental elements, significant breakthroughs were not to be expected in submarine radio communication [1];(More)
raffic produced by YouTube has had a significant impact on both fixed and mobile networks. The study and evaluation of YouTube content features can benefit network traffic engineering by supporting the development of sustainable video delivery services and regulation of network traffic. Such evaluations are particularly useful to network operators who aim(More)
Recent online games exert increasing impact on network traffic. While considerable research efforts have been placed on the study of game network traffic, most studies examine either only a small sample of games or games within a specific genre. This paper aims to utilize extensive resources of all notable research studies on online game traffic published(More)
Most underwater sensor networks choose acoustics as the medium for wireless transmission. However, electromagnetic waves also offer great merits for transmission in special underwater environment. A small scale wireless sensor network is deployed using electromagnetic waves with a multi-hop static topology under shallow water conditions where there is a(More)
Very low frequency electromagnetic communication system is used in a small scale underwater wireless sensor network for coastal monitoring purposes, as recent research has demonstrated distinct advantages of radio waves compared to acoustic and optical waves in shallow water conditions. This paper describes the detailed TDMA and packet design process for(More)
Although there appears to have been increased interest in routing IPv6 over the public Internet since mid 2007, the adoption and deployment of IPv6 has been relatively limited. This paper investigates the reasons for the slow rate of progress, as well as the debate surrounding the demand for IPv6 technology. The issues relating to IPv4-to-IPv6 migration(More)
In this paper congestion control over different time scales has been investigated to support data transport over a switched optical packet LAN. An innovative local access control protocol has been designed to shape different traffic sources to produce smoothed optical packet traffic which has a constant inter-arrival time. This protocol employs a(More)
A star-topology local area network is designed to carry optical packet traffic, employing collision-free switching. Data forwarding is under centralized control based on scheduled resource reservation, eliminating the need for optical buffers in the central switch. Packets are stored in electronic buffers within the end stations prior to their(More)