Learn More
Six newly derived hybrid mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell lines and two inbred ES cell lines were tested for their ability to produce completely ES cell-derived mice by aggregation of ES cells with tetraploid embryos. Forty-five ES cell-tetraploid pups were generated from six hybrid ES cell lines and no pups from two inbred ES cell lines. These pups were(More)
BACKGROUND Wound healing is impaired in diabetes mellitus. The underlying mechanism involved in this process is still unknown. The Akt/mTOR signaling pathway plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of diabetes. OBJECTIVE we investigated the role of the Akt/mTOR pathway in diabetic wounds and the mechanisms that growth factors activate this pathway to(More)
The aim of this paper was to determine whether the genetic background of tetraploid embryos contributed to the survival of mice derived from embryonic stem (ES) cells by tetraploid embryo complementation. Twenty-five newborns were produced by aggregation of hybrid ES cells and tetraploid embryos with different genetic backgrounds. These newborns were(More)
ES mice that are derived completely from embryonic stem (ES) cells can be obtained by tetraploid embryo complementation. Many neonate ES mice die because of respiratory distress, but it is not clear what contributes to the phenomenon. Using five microsatellite DNA markers, we confirmed that our ES mice were completely derived from ES cells and contained no(More)
Although it has been 30 yr since the development of derivation methods for mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, the biology of derivation of ES cells is poorly understood and the efficiency varies dramatically between cell lines. Recently, the Rho kinase inhibitor Y-27632 and the cell dissociation reagent Accutase were reported to significantly inhibit(More)
Of all known cultured stem cell types, pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) sit atop the landscape of developmental potency and are characterized by their ability to generate all cell types of an adult organism. However, PSCs show limited contribution to the extraembryonic placental tissues in vivo. Here, we show that a chemical cocktail enables the derivation of(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a non-tyrosine kinase receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) that was recently found to play a role in tumor functions. Previous studies demonstrated that NRP-1 was overexpressed in a number of human tumors, including glioblastoma (GBM). However, the role of NRP-1 in glioma progression has yet to be adequately(More)
mTOR activation is commonly caused by oncogenic mutations in RAS/RAF/MAPK and PI3K/AKT pathways, and promotes cancer progression and therapeutic resistance. However, mTOR inhibitors show limited single agent efficacy in patients. mTOR inhibitors suppress tumor cell growth and angiogenesis, and have recently been shown to induce death receptor/FADD-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND In epidemiological surveillance of mental health there is good reason to also include scales that measure the presence of well-being rather than merely symptoms of ill health. The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a self-reported scale to measure emotional, psychological and social well-being and conduct categorical diagnosis of(More)
Although efficient transcervical transfer of embryos in mice would provide many advantages over a surgical method, the low success rate of transcervical transfer has hampered its acceptance and use. Here, we describe a novel device and protocol for transcervical embryo transfer in mice. Blastocysts from CD1 female mice were transferred into the uteri of(More)