Xiangying Guan

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Under near-physiological pH, temperature, and ionic strength, a kinetics constant composition (CC) method was used to examine the roles of phosphorylation of a 14 amino acid segment (DDVDDTDDSHQSDE) corresponding to potential crystal binding domains within the osteopontin (OPN) sequence. The phosphorylated 14-mer OPN peptide segment significantly inhibits(More)
Under near-physiological pH, temperature, and ionic strength, amelogenin (Amel) accelerates hydroxyapatite (HAP) nucleation kinetics, decreasing the induction time in a concentration-dependent manner. Hierarchically organized apatite microstructures are achieved by self-assembly involving nucleated nanocrystallites and Amel oligomers and nanospheres at low(More)
Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) kidney stone formation is prevented in most humans by urinary crystallization inhibitors. Urinary osteopontin (OPN) is a prototype of the aspartic acid-rich proteins (AARP) that modulate biomineralization. Synthetic poly(aspartic acids) that resemble functional domains of AARPs provide surrogate molecules for exploring the(More)
The organic matrix in forming enamel consists largely of the amelogenin protein self-assembled into nanospheres that play a pivotal role in controlling the oriented and elongated growth of highly ordered apatitic crystals during enamel biomineralization. However, the mechanisms of amelogenin-mediated mineralization have not yet been fully elucidated. Here(More)
Exon-skipping oligonucleotides (ESOs) with 2'-O-methyl modifications are promising compounds for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, the usefulness of these compounds is limited by their poor delivery profile to muscle tissue in vivo. We previously established that copolymers made of poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) and poly(ethylene(More)
Sirtuins are key regulators of many cellular functions including cell growth, apoptosis, metabolism, and genetic control of age-related diseases. Sirtuins are themselves regulated by their cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as well as their reaction product nicotinamide (NAM), the physiological concentrations of which vary during the process(More)
Recently, calcification was observed on implanted intraocular lens (IOL) surfaces when viscoelastic substances were applied during surgery. To elucidate the mechanisms of mineral formation, the crystallization of calcium phosphates on IOL surfaces was studied in vitro with nanomolar sensitivity using a constant composition method. Three different commercial(More)
BACKGROUND Acetaldehyde is produced during ethanol metabolism predominantly in the liver by alcohol dehydrogenase and rapidly eliminated by oxidation to acetate via aldehyde dehydrogenase. Assessment of circulating acetaldehyde levels in biological matrices is performed by headspace gas chromatography and reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
The in vivo formation of calcium oxalate concretions having calcium phosphate nidi is simulated in an in vitro (37 degrees C, pH 6.0) dual constant composition (DCC) system undersaturated (sigma DCPD = -0.330) with respect to brushite (DCPD, CaHPO 4 . 2H 2O) and slightly supersaturated (sigma COM = 0.328) with respect to calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM,(More)