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Hsc70's expected binding site on helix II of the J domain of T antigens appears to be blocked in its structure bound to tumor suppressor pRb. We used NMR to map where mammalian Hsc70 binds the J domain of murine polyomavirus T antigens (PyJ). The ATPase domain of Hsc70 unexpectedly has its biggest effects on the NMR peak positions of the C-terminal end of(More)
FHA domains are phosphoThr recognition modules found in diverse signaling proteins, including kinase-associated protein phosphatase (KAPP) from Arabidopsis thaliana. The kinase-interacting FHA domain (KI-FHA) of KAPP targets it to function as a negative regulator of some receptor-like kinase (RLK) signaling pathways important in plant development and(More)
In this review, the author discusses recent advances in anti-HIV inhibitors, targeting CXCR4, including natural and modified chemokines, peptides and organic compounds, their mechanisms of action, and the molecular process of virus invasion of immune cells. Peptides with strong anti-HIV activity exhibit several common features, such as electrostatic(More)
[Structure: see text]. FHA domains are protein modules that switch signals in diverse biological pathways by monitoring the phosphorylation of threonine residues of target proteins. As part of the effort to gain insight into cellular avoidance of cancer, FHA domains involved in the cellular response to DNA damage have been especially well-characterized. The(More)
A net increase in the backbone rigidity of the kinase-interacting FHA domain (KI-FHA) from the Arabidopsis receptor kinase-associated protein phosphatase (KAPP) accompanies the binding of a phosphoThr peptide from its CLV1 receptor-like kinase partner, according to (15)N NMR relaxation at 11.7 and 14.1 T. All of the loops of free KI-FHA display evidence of(More)
Macrophage metalloelastase or matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12) appears to exacerbate atherosclerosis, emphysema, aortic aneurysm, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. An inactivating E219A mutation, validated by crystallography and NMR spectra, prevents autolysis of MMP-12 and allows us to determine its NMR structure without an(More)
FHA domains adopt a beta-sandwich fold with 11 strands. The first evidence of partially unfolded forms of a beta-sandwich is derived from native-state hydrogen exchange (NHX) of the forkhead-associated (FHA) domain from kinase-associated protein phosphatase from Arabidopsis. The folding kinetics of this FHA domain indicate that EX2 behavior prevails at pH(More)
The greater activity of MMP-12 than MMP-3 toward substrates from protein fibrils has been quantified. Why is MMP-12 the more active protease? We looked for behaviors associated with the higher activity of MMP-12 than MMP-3, using nuclear magnetic resonance to monitor backbone dynamics and residue-specific stabilities of their catalytic domain. The(More)
Metal ions are important for many biological processes and are steadily available in the human body. Metal concentrations can be extremely high in diseased areas of various pathological conditions. Some synthetic and natural drugs need to be activated by metal ions as prodrugs. In this review, we provide a few examples to illustrate how metal ions activate(More)
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