Xiangxin Guo

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Thin films of CeO(2) (both nominally pure and 10 mol% gadolinium-doped) grown via pulsed-laser deposition were studied. The electrical conductivity of the samples was measured as a function of thickness, temperature and oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)) using impedance spectroscopy. As expected, undoped CeO(2) exhibits electronic conductivity (with activation(More)
Metal-air batteries are thought to be the ultimate solution for energy storage systems owing to their high energy density. Here we report a long-life Na-O2 battery with a high capacity of 750 mA h g(carbon)(-1) by manipulating the nucleation and growth of nano-sized NaO2 particles in a vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) network with a large(More)
The thermodynamically required redistribution of ions at given interfaces is being paid increased attention. The present investigation of the contact LiF/TiO(2) offers a highly worthwhile example, as the redistribution processes can be predicted and verified. It consists in Li ion transfer from LiF into the space charge zones of TiO(2). We not only can(More)
Surface defects on carbon nanotube cathodes have been artificially introduced by bombardment with argon plasma. Their roles in the electrochemical performance of rechargeable Li-O2 batteries have been investigated. In batteries with tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (TEGDME)- and N-methyl-N-propylpiperidinium bis(trifluoromethansulfonyl)imide(More)
Free-standing coaxially structured Ag/carbon hybrid electrodes were prepared as potential anodes for micro-Li-ion batteries, which show excellent electrochemical performance, being essentially due to the beneficial effect of the unique structure, i.e. the Ag-core enhances the flexibility and electrochemical kinetics, while the carbon shell buffers(More)
Tuning the composition of discharge products is an important strategy to reduce charge potential, suppress side reactions, and improve the reversibility of metal-oxygen batteries. In the present study, first-principles calculations and experimental confirmation were performed to unravel the influence of O2 pressure, particle size, and electrolyte on the(More)
The space charge layer (SCL) effects were initially developed to explain the anomalous conductivity enhancement in composite ionic conductors. They were further extended to qualitatively as well as quantitatively understand the interfacial phenomena in many other ionic-conducting systems. Especially in nanometre-scale systems, the SCL effects could be used(More)
Non-aqueous Li-air batteries have been intensively studied in the past few years for their theoretically super-high energy density. However, they cannot operate properly in real air because they contain highly unstable and volatile electrolytes. Here, we report the fabrication of solid-state Li-air batteries using garnet (i.e., Li6.4La3Zr1.4Ta0.6O12, LLZTO)(More)
In search of new electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries, metal phosphides that exhibit desirable properties such as high theoretical capacity, moderate discharge plateau, and relatively low polarization recently have attracted a great deal of attention as anode materials. However, the large volume changes and thus resulting collapse of electrode(More)
Amorphous Ge nanotubes, featured of a top-closed tubular structure, were synthesized directly on metallic current collector substrates via a template technique. Measurement of electrochemical cycling reveals that these nanotubes can deliver reversible capacities of -1300 mAh/g (81% of the theoretical capacity) at the current density of C/20 (1C = 1600(More)