Xiangrong Shen

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This paper presents a control methodology that enables nonlinear model-based control of pulse width modulated (PWM) pneumatic servo actuators. An averaging approach is developed to describe the equivalent continuous-time dynamics of a PWM controlled nonlinear system, which renders the system, originally discontinuous and possibly non-affine in the input,(More)
—This paper presents the design of a gas-actuated an-thropomorphic arm prosthesis with 21 degrees of freedom and nine independent actuators. The prosthesis utilizes the monopropellant hydrogen peroxide as a gas generator to power nine pneumatic type actuators. Of the nine independent actuators, one provides direct-drive actuation of the elbow, three provide(More)
This paper presents a control methodology that enables nonlinear model based sliding mode control of PWM-controlled pneumatic servo actuators. An averaging approach is developed to describe the equivalent continuous-time dynamics of a PWM controlled nonlinear system, which renders the originally discontinuous system, possibly non-affine in the input, into(More)
This paper proposes a control approach that controls the stiffness and force of pneumatic actuator independently. This independent control of stiffness and force removes a primary cause of contact instability when utilizing stiffness or impedance based force control during interaction with stiff environments. Specifically, in typical stiffness or impedance(More)
—The stable simulation of high-stiffness surfaces remains a challenge in impedance-type haptic simulations of mechanical environments. In this paper, the authors propose an approach to achieving a stable, high-stiffness surface in a haptic interface by leveraging the open-loop properties of pneumatic actuators. By using the open-loop component of the(More)
This paper presents a new type of muscle-like actuator, namely double-acting (DA) sleeve muscle actuator, which is suitable for the actuation of biologically-inspired and biomedical robotic systems, especially those serving human-assistance purposes (prostheses, orthoses, etc.). Developed based on the traditional pneumatic muscle actuator, the new DA sleeve(More)
This paper presents the design of a 14 degree-of-motion forearm actuation unit for an upper extremity prosthesis. The forearm utilizes pneumatic type actuators which use the reaction products of a monopropellant gas generator as a working fluid. The use of pneumatic type actuators provides a near-human power density, such that the fourteen actuator forearm(More)
A powered lower extremity orthotic brace can potentially be used to assist frail elderly during daily activities. This paper presents a method for an early detection of the initiation of sit-to-stand (SiSt) posture transition that can be used in the control of the powered orthosis. Unlike the methods used in prosthetic devices that rely on surface(More)
This paper describes a method for early detection of posture transitions in a powered orthotic brace purposed for assisting elderly people in sit-to-stand transitions. The detection system is constructed using a linear Support Vector Machine classifier that is trained from features extracted from the signals produced by the sensors mounted on the orthosis.(More)