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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We observed that microRNA-424 (miR-424) significantly decreased in an miRNA profile of circulating lymphocytes of patients with ischemic stroke. The present study focused on the potential and mechanism of miR-424 in protecting ischemic brain injury in mice. METHODS Cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in(More)
β-Catenin, a core component of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, has been shown to be a crucial factor in a broad range of tumors, while its role in glioma is not well understood. In this study, the expression of β-catenin in astrocytic glioma tissues with different grade and human normal cerebral tissues was examined using reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
OBJECTIVE Apoptotic cell death is an important factor influencing the prognosis after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Akt/GSK-3beta/beta-catenin signaling plays a critical role in the apoptosis of neurons in several models of neurodegeneration. The goal of this study was to determine if the mechanism of cell survival mediated by the(More)
Remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) has been proved to protect the brain from stroke, but the precise mechanism remains not fully understood. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether RIPostC attenuates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by abating endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. CHOP, a multifunctional transcription factor(More)
Ischemic stroke is a major cause of death and long-term disability worldwide. Thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is the only proven and effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke; however, therapeutic hypothermia is increasingly recognized as having a tissue-protective function and positively influencing neurological outcome,(More)
The analysis of biological information from protein sequences is important for the study of cellular functions and interactions, and protein fold recognition plays a key role in the prediction of protein structures. Unfortunately, the prediction of protein fold patterns is challenging due to the existence of compound protein structures. Here, we processed(More)
Limited studies have reported the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on fetal liver development or liver dysfunction. The current review was conducted to systematically review published studies of PAE and liver dysfunction. Pub Med, Embase and Web of Science database were searched using terms of “prenatal alcohol exposure” and “liver” or “fetal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We previously showed that the microRNA miR-424 protects against permanent cerebral ischemic injury in mice by suppressing microglia activation. This study investigated the role of miR-424 in transient cerebral ischemia in mice with a focus on oxidative stress-induced neuronal injury. METHODS Transient cerebral ischemia was induced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our recent research revealed that adoptively transferred regulatory T cells (Tregs) reduced acute ischemic brain injury by inhibiting neutrophil-derived matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and protecting against blood-brain barrier damage. The mechanisms underlying Treg interactions with neutrophils remain elusive. This study evaluates(More)
Three cycles of remote ischemic pre-conditioning induced by temporarily occluding the bilateral femoral arteries (10 minutes) prior to 10 minutes of reperfusion were given once a day for 3 days before the animal received middle artery occlusion and reperfusion surgery. The results showed that brain infarct volume was significantly reduced after remote(More)