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Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) images have been used to investigate the mechanism of optical clearing in flowing blood using dextrans. The depth reflectivity profiles from SDOCT indicate that dextrans become increasingly more effective in reducing scattering in flowing blood, except for 5 mgdl(-1) of Dx500, with increasing molecular(More)
This study investigates the optical properties of human blood during the coagulation process under statics using optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT signal slope (OCTSS) and 1∕e light penetration depth (d(1∕e)) were obtained from the profiles of reflectance versus depth. Results showed that both OCTSS and d(1∕e) were able to sensitively differentiate(More)
Optical properties of human blood during coagulation were studied using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the parameter of clotting time derived from the 1/e light penetration depth (d(1/e)) versus time was developed in our previous work. In this study, in order to know if a new OCT test can characterize the blood-coagulation process under different(More)
The medicinal mushroom Inonotus obliquus has been a folk remedy for a long time in East-European and Asian countries. We first reported the enhancement in production and antioxidant activity of exopolysaccharides by I. obliquus culture under lignocellulose decomposition. In this study, the two different sources of exopolysaccharides from the control medium(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the potential to be a noninvasive method for hematocrit (HCT) measurement. This study shows the effect of erythrocyte aggregation at the level seen in healthy humans and pathological states on HCT measurement based on monitoring the slope changes in OCT depth reflectivity profile using spectral-domain optical coherence(More)
Our previous studies have shown the ultrasound-induced skin optical clearing enhancement with topical application of glycerol on in vitro porcine skin and in vivo human skin. The objective of this study was to find more effective ultrasound-alcohol combinations on skin optical clearing. The effect of sonophoretic delivery (SP) in combination with a series(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the potential to be a noninvasive method for hematocrit (HCT) measurement. This paper studied the effect of erythrocyte aggregation on hematocrit measurement based on monitoring the slope changes in OCT depth reflectivity profile using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT). Our measurement indicates that(More)
In an attempt to find a noninvasive way to improve the efficacy of skin optical clearing with topical application of optical clearing agents (OCA), we exploited the effect of ultrasound on optical clearing of intact skin in vitro Changes in optical transmittance and diffuse reflectance of the porcine skin under different treatment procedures were measured(More)
White-rot fungus Inonotus obliquus grown in submerged culture produces antioxidative phenolic compounds. In this study, addition of lignocellulosic materials into the liquid culture increased the production and antioxidant activity of extra- and intra-cellular phenolic compounds (EPC and IPC, respectively). The production of EPC and IPC was significantly(More)
We propose spectral domain Doppler optical coherence tomography (SD-D-OCT) to qualitatively measure red blood cell aggregation. Variance/standard deviation (SD) of the Doppler frequency spectrum in Doppler variance imaging of flowing blood under shearing conditions was developed as a new aggregation index. In in vitro microchannel-flow experiments, porcine(More)