Xiangnan Zhang

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BACKGROUND It has been demonstrated that cerebral ischemia induces astrocyte reactivity, and subsequent glial scar formation inhibits axonal regeneration during the recovery phase. Investigating the mechanism of glial scar formation will facilitate the development of strategies to improve axonal regeneration. However, an in vitro model of ischemia-induced(More)
The role of the histamine H3 receptor (H3R) in cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unknown. Here we show that H3R expression is upregulated after I/R in two mouse models. H3R antagonists and H3R knockout attenuate I/R injury, which is reversed by an H3R-selective agonist. Interestingly, H1R and H2R antagonists, a histidine decarboxylase(More)
A new xylanase gene (xynA) from the marine microorganism Zunongwangia profunda was identified to encode 374 amino acid residues. Its product (XynA) showed the highest identity (42.78 %) with a xylanase from Bacillus sp. SN5 among the characterized xylanases. XynA exhibited the highest activity at pH 6.5 and 30 °C, retaining 23 and 38 % of the optimal(More)
Intracellular accumulation of wild type tau is a hallmark of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying tau toxicity is not fully understood. Here, we detected mitophagy deficits evidenced by the increased levels of mitophagy markers, including COX IV, TOMM20, and the ratio of mtDNA to genomic DNA indexed as(More)
The selective degradation of damaged or excessive mitochondria by autophagy is termed mitophagy. Mitophagy is crucial for mitochondrial quality control and has been implicated in several neurodegenerative disorders as well as in ischemic brain injury. Emerging evidence suggested that the role of mitophagy in cerebral ischemia may depend on different(More)
In the brain, astrocytes play an essential role with their multiple functions and sophisticated structure, as surrounded by a fractal environment which has not been available in our traditional cell culture. Water-repellent fractal tripalmitin (PPP) surfaces can imitate the fractal environment in vivo, so the morphology and biochemical characterization of(More)
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